IFN in the news

2016-10-21 Open Magazine

Misadventures of Dismal Scientists?

In a review of the book The Nobel Factor: The Prize in Economics, Social Democracy, and the Market Turn, by Avner Offer and Gabriel Söderberg, Siddharth Singh writes: "There’s something about the appeal of data to economists who are attracted to social democracy. The wretched condition of the poor, [...]. Who in her right mind will deny these facts? If only economists were to theorise keeping in mind these facts, then maybe, just maybe, the world will be a better place."

2016-10-11 The Times Rwanda and more

The marriage between Nobel economics and social democracy

Avner Offer is co-author (with Gabriel Söderberg) of The Nobel Factor: The Prize in Economics, Social Democracy, and the Market Turn (Princeton University Press, 2016) and writes about the Nobel prize in an article published in a number of papers: "Many economists have responded to the failure of their discipline’s core premises by retreating into empirical investigation. But the resulting validity comes at the cost of generality: randomized controlled trials in the form of local experiments cannot replace an overarching vision of the social good. A good way to begin acknowledging this would be to select Nobel Prize recipients accordingly."

2016-10-09 The Atlantic

The Political Slant of the Nobel Prize in Economics

Avner Offer, the co-author of The Nobel Factor is interviewed in The Atlantic. Among other things he refers to a conversation with Assar Lindbeck, IFN: "With regard to Galbraith, I actually discussed this with the long-standing chairman of the prize, Assar Lindbeck, and he said that he regarded Galbraith as a belletrist, a writer of essays. I actually beg to differ."

2016-10-09 Irish Economy

The Nobel Factor

Irish Economy writes about The Nobel Factor, a new book that traces the development of the Nobel Prize in economics: Assar Lindbeck, IFN, is mentioned: "There’s a great chapter focusing on Assar Lindbeck, a forceful personality and someone who shaped the Prize".

2016-10-08 Daily Scandinavian

What Makes Scandinavians So Happy?

"The sense of trust is so high in Scandinavia that to some researchers it seems to be the most mysterious and potentially important factor of all for explaining why Scandinavians lead the world in considering themselves prosperous" writes Daily Scandinavian. Andreas Bergh, IFN, is interviewd: “The honest answer is we don’t know where trust comes from.”

2016-10-06 Bloomberg

Where the Economics Nobel Came From

How did the Nobel Prize in Economics come about? This question is asked by Bloomberg View: "Åsbrink asked the Nobel question of a young economic adviser, Assar Lindbeck [IFN], and Lindbeck’s response was that yes, a Nobel economics prize could work. Then Lindbeck set out to make it happen."

2016-09-23 Bloomberg and more

Companies That Discriminate Fail (Eventually)

"There is lots of evidence that discrimination still exists [in the corporate world]" writes Noah Smith, Bloomberg view. He refers to "evidence has multiplied. In 2013, economists Fredrik Heyman [IFN], Helena Svaleryd, and Jonas Vlachos [affiliated to IFN] found that companies that get bought out in a takeover tend to increase their percentages of female employees".

2016-09-04 Forbes and more

Why Working Longer Is Good for Your Health

Chris Farrell writes about retirement age in Forbes and Next Avenue. He quotes Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, London School of Economics and affiliated to IFN,  saying that “continuing some form of paid work in old age is one way to ensure a healthier population”. 

2016-07-27 Policy Bazaar (portal)

The Nordic Democratic-Socialist Myth

In an article by Nima Sanandaji at Policy Bazaar (Indian portal), about what Americans can and can not learn from the Nordic countries, Daniel Waldenström, IFN, is quoted: Swedish economists Jesper Roine and Daniel Waldenström, for example, explain that “most of a diminution [in income inequality in Sweden] takes place before a enlargement of a gratification state and by 1950 Swedish tip income shares were already revoke than in other countries.”

2016-07-08 Wisconsin Public Radio News

Study: Gender Quotas Work To Encourage Participation In Politics

Wisconsin Public Radio News has interviewed Diana O'Brien about a study, "Gender Quotas and Women's Political Leadership", by O'Brien and Johanna Rickne, IFN. The researchers have looked at 15 years of data on local leadership appointments within the Social Democratic Party. "What we found time and time again is once you tell political parties or corporate boards that they need to find qualified women, then they do so," said O'Brien.

2016-07-07 Reuters/CNBC and more

Migrants put Sweden's cosy Nordic Model under pressure

"Unions and tax officials say illegal workers have begun to push down average pay and deprive state coffers of income tax" writes Reuters about the influx of migrants into the Swedish labor market. "I see a danger that if we don't seek to solve this in a regulated manner, reality will come knocking all the same," Lars Calmfors, IFN, is quoted saying.

2016-07-07 Safehaven and more

Lacy Hunt on Negative Multiplier of Government Debt

Safehaven writes that Lacy Hunt (Hoisington's Second Quarter Review) takes on the widespread Keynesian belief that government spending boosts real (inflation adjusted) GDP. When explaining how deficit spending restrains economic growth Safehaven refers to a study by Andreas Bergh and Magnus Henrekson, IFN, explaining that there is a "significant negative correlation" between the size of government and economic growth.

2016-07-03 Psychology Today

Voting With Our Eyes: Attractive Candidates Get More Votes

Psychology Today writes about the fact that voters form an opinion (accurate or not) about a candidate´s competence, character, and qualifications  just by looking. The magazine refers to a paper (”The Looks of a Winner: Beauty and Electoral Success,”) by researchers Niclas Berggren and Henrik Jordahl, IFN.

2016-07-01 Monthly Review

Monopoly Capital at the Half-Century-Mark

The independent socialist magazine Monthly Review writes about Paul Baran and Paul Sweezy’s Monopoly Capital claiming it to be "the single most influential work in Marxian political economy to emerge in the United States". Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University, is quoted: "In The Political Economy of the New Left (1971), a book that drew much attention in the early 1970s, orthodox Swedish economist Assar Lindbeck focused his criticism on Baran and Sweezy’s Monopoly Capital, claiming that a Keynesian welfare state could resolve the systemic contradictions that they described."

2016-06-20 Yahoo Canada Finance

Study debunks theory that lottery wins can affect the winner's health

David Cesarini, NYU and affiliated to IFN, an co-authors find in a study “no evidence” that wealth impacts winners’ risk of mortality except for a potential “small reduction” in the consumption of drugs. Cesarini explains: “Our findings suggest that in affluent countries with extensive social safety nets, causal effects of wealth are not a major explanation for the positive relationship between income and longevity, nor of the observed positive relationships between children’s outcomes and their parents’ incomes."

2016-06-03 Labor Herald

No easy fix for Australia’s tax system

Shadow assistant treasurer Andrew Leigh argued that when it comes to improving Australia’s tax system, there are no short cuts and no quick fixes. The paper refers to a study by  Alexander Ljungqvist (NYU and affiliated to IFN) and Michael Smolyansky: They find “little evidence that corporate tax cuts boost economic activity, unless implemented during recessions”.

2016-05-30 Financial Times

Helicopter money could help in migrant crisis

Lars Oxelheim, IFN and  Lund University, has written a Letter to the editor at Financial Times. Oxelheim states that helicopter money is used in many European countries, i.e. money printed, borrowed from abroad or taken from foreign aid are spent to provide migrants with a decent standard. "Hence, the last tool in the monetary policy tool box is already used".

2016-05-27 Vox

The Weeds: examining some exciting Swedish administrative data

How can parents reduce the likelihood of having children who struggle with depression and ADHD, Vox asks: "One new research paper suggests a possible way forward. "Family Ruptures, Stress, and the Mental Health of the Next Generation," by Petra Persson, (affilietad to IFN) and Maya Rossin-Slater, [...] find that mothers who have close relatives die during pregnancy are more likely to have children who then use anti-anxiety medicine later in life.

2016-05-24 Washington-Post – Wonkblog

Inequality might start before we’re even born

For Washington-Post Wonkblog Carolyn Y. Johnson writes about research by Petra Persson, Stanford University and affiliated to IFN, and Maya Rossin-Slater: "They found children who were in the womb when a relative died were 25 percent more likely to take medication for ADHD than those who were infants. Those children grew up to be adults who were 13 percent more likely to take prescription drugs for anxiety and 8 percent more likely to take drugs for depression."


Prospect theory & populism

Does prospect theory help explain support for Brexit in the UK and for Donald Trump in the US, Bullfax asks. The author refers to research by Henrik Jordahl, IFN: "as Henrik Jordahl has shown, inequality breeds distrust so that even on those (rare?) occasions when elites are correct, many voters don’t believe them. Perhaps, therefore, support for Trump and Brexit are not so much diseases as symptoms of a wider malady."

Does prospect theory help explain support for Brexit in the UK and for Donald Trump in the US? - See more at:
Does prospect theory help explain support for Brexit in the UK and for Donald Trump in the US? - See more at:

2016-05-24 Standard-Examiner and more

Who won the Super Bowl when you were in the womb could have affected your health

Standard-Examiner publishes a text about the research by Petra Persson, Stanford University and affiliated to IFN. Among other things the researchers have found that children who were in the womb when a relative died were 25 percent more likely to take medication for ADHD than those who were infants.

2016-05-22 Forbes

Corbyn, McDonnell and Labour Propose The Worst Of All Economic Policies: Rent Control

General economic opinion is firmly against the idea of rent control, Forbes writes refering to a comment by Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University: “In many cases rent control appears to be the most efficient technique presently known to destroy a city—except for bombing.”

2016-05-22 IPWatchdog

How Congress can ensure the patent system protects inventors and entrepreneurs

"Patents benefit society and individuals alike in fostering new markets and new products" IPWatchdog writes, adding that the patent system is in trouble. The author refers to research by Alexander Ljunqvist, NYU and affiliated to IFN: The Bright Side of Patents, USPTO Office of the Chief Economist, Working Paper No. 2015-2 (Jan. 2016).

2016-05-14 The Economist

Schools in Finland: Helsinking

Finnish educators are worried. PISA scores fell in 2009 and 2012, The Economist points out. Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, Centre for the Study of Market Reform of Education and affiliated to IFN, explains that "the key question is what led to the surge in Finnish performance between 1965 and 2000, not what is happening in schools today".

2016-05-11 The Atlantic

The Genetics of Staying in School

a study of almost 294,000 people has identified variants in 74 genes that are associated with educational attainment. In other words, those who carry more of these variants, on average, complete more years of formal schooling, writes The Atlantic. One of the reserachers is Davis Cesarini, NYU and affilated to IFN.


Yes, London Has A Housing Problem: Let's Not Make It Worse With Idiocy Like Rent Controls

Tim Worstall in Forbes argues that we can not regulate away high rents.He quotes Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm university saying that Assar “in many cases rent control appears to be the most efficient technique presently known to destroy a city—except for bombing.”

2016-05-04 Banking Industry Today

In the Red: Sweden Heading Towards Deep Economic Crisis

Banking Industry Today reports that "the growing costs of immigration and a housing bubble have paved the way for a 'deep' economic crisis in Sweden and the situation has already begun to deteriorate beyond repair, three Swedish economists wrote in a debate article in Dagens Industri." Andreas Bergh, IFN and Lund University, is one of the economists.

2016-04-19 Free Republic

Bernie's Right—America Should Be More Like Sweden; But not in the way he thinks

The Swedish writer Johan Norberg argues in Free Republic that "Sanders' image of Scandinavia is just like the rest of his policies: stuck in the 1970s". He refers to Andreas Bergh, IFN, and Christian Bjørnskov, affiliated to IFN, researchers who have found that trust in others and social cohesion creates the welfare state rather than the other way around.

2016-04-19 InsiderOnline

Scandinavia’s Third Way Policies Killed Entrepreneurship and Growth

Nima Sanandaji states in Insider that policies did steer sharply to the left during the late 1960s in Sweden. He refers to research by Magnus Henrekson, IFN, who "has concluded that the effective marginal tax rate (marginal tax plus the effect of inflation) that was levied on Swedish businesses at times reached more than 100 percent of their profits".

2016-04-17 Value Walk/Library of Economics and Liberty

Behavioral Economics – Pro-Government Bias?

Critics of behavioral economics often accuse its practitioners of a tacit double standard: Human irrationality is a poor argument for government action because officials are human, writes Bryan Caplan, asking if behavioral economists can neglect such a basic critique of their position: "Yes. In “Time for a Behavioral Political Economy” (Review of Austrian Economics 2012), Niclas Berggren [IFN ]classifies over 300 papers in behavioral economics. The main finding is that "20.7% of all articles in behavioral economics ... contain a policy recommendation and that 95.5% of these do not contain any analysis at all of the rationality or cognitive ability of policymakers".

2016-04-15 Nordic Buiness report

What Sweden Can Teach Us About Equal Opportunity and Gender Gaps

Referring to a study by Matti Keloharju, Samuli Knüpfer (both affiliated to IFN) and Joacim Tåg, IFN, Nordic business Report believe that their research "confirms that, although female executives are as equally skilled as their male counterparts, they don’t have equal opportunities to reach the top in the executive labor market or get equal pay. It also looks at what causes these gender gaps".

2016-04-01 Bloomberg

Here's How the Refugee Crisis May Reshape Sweden's Social Model

In a Sweden grappling with an unprecedented inflow of refugees, many unthinkable things are becoming thinkable, Bloomberg states, mentioning a lower minimum wage as one of the hot topics in the public debate. “The Swedish model was a competitive advantage when Sweden was a homogeneous industrial society,” said Andreas Bergh, IFN, to Bloomberg: “But now it’s become an obstacle as no one really knows who should take responsibility for the changes that need to be made.”

2016-03-23 Lundagård

The School of Economics will Integrate Newly Arrived

In a collaboration between the School of Economics and Management and the independent foundation Executive Foundation Lund, newly arrived academics will be able to get a business education in the evening and experience during the day “All education will be in English. Presently the Swedish language is a major problem that prevents a lot people from entering the job market”, says Fredrik Andersson, head of the School of Economics and Management and affiliated to IFN.

2016-03-23 Forbes and more

Researchers Prove C-Suite Gender Gap—but Can’t Explain It

Bloombergs, Forbes and Harvard Busioness School's Working Knowledge writes about research by Matti Keloharju, Samuli Knüpfer and Joacim Tåg, IFN, documenting "what many already believe: women get fewer opportunities at top positions and lower pay when they get those positions". WK writes: "The worse news is there doesn’t seem to be much women can do to close that gap—no matter how talented, educated, skilled, lucky, ambitious, or genetically gifted they are—unless they can figure out a way to thwart discrimination."

2016-03-04 Huffington Post Blog

Political Induced Uncertainty and the Quest for Growth

Wolf von Laer,  Ph.D. Student, writes at the Hufftington Post Blog that "growth requires the three P's: Property Rights, Prices, and Profit and Loss to achieve the three Is of Innovation, Information, and Incentives. Too much government activity disturbs the rules of the game and undermines property rights."

2016-02-27 Outlook India

Growing Our Way To Tolerance

Economic freedom alone is not the answer to our current woes, writes Shailesh Chitnis in Outlook India. He refers to research by Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson, IFN: "They find that a stable monetary policy and a strong legal system are consistently associated with greater tolerance. Countries with greater economic freedom and wealth are also more open to homosexuals."

2016-02-23 Metro Canada

Youth and new Canadians drove voter turnout surge during 2015 federal election

"In an election with the highest turnout in over 20 years, young voters and new immigrants turned out in near-record numbers" writes Metro Canada. Professor Daniel Rubenson, Ryerson University och affilierad to IFN, is quoted saying: “I don’t think it’s a coincidence that turnout was up among young people when both the Liberals and the NDP were looking very strong.” Rubenson believes that “young people tend not to support the Conservative Party.”

2016-01-28 The American Prospect

What CEOs Do for a Living

The corporate sector beyond Silicon Valley is not trying all that hard to reach the next breakthrough, claims The American Prospect, quoting research by John Asker, Alexander Ljungqvist [affiliated to IFN], and Joan Farre-Mensa: "Publicly traded companies devote just half the percentage of their assets to investment that their privately held counterparts do".

2016-01-25 Forbes

When Negotiating A Price, Never Bid With A Round Number

According to a study by Matti Keloharju, affiliated to IFN, and Petri Hukkanen, investors who in mergers and acquisitions offer “precise” bids for company shares yield better market outcomes than those who offer round-numbered bids. “It turns out that if you make a precise bid, the targets are more likely to accept it, and more likely to accept it at a cheaper price. And with cash bids, they’ll generate a more positive market reaction,” says Matti Keloharju to Forbes.

2016-01-12 The Local

World goes nuts for 'lonely' Swedish PM pics

Sweden's prime minister has become the unexpected victim of a global meme, after a lonely-looking picture from parliament went viral, The Local writes about the event citing a tweet from the IFN researcher Richard Öhrvall.

2016-01-05 The Atlantic

Can Taxes Encourage Better Corporate Behavior?

The Atlantic explains that regulations aren’t the only option the government has for discouraging companies from taking on too much risk, referring to research by Alexander Ljungqvist of New York University (affiliated to IFN), Liandong Zhang of City University of Hong Kong, and Luo Zuo of Cornell. Their research show that lowering taxes didn’t have the expected effect of inducing more risk. "The authors conclude that this may be the case because regulators or investors also weigh in, dissuading companies from taking on risky new endeavors. In other words, taxes can be a blunt tool for curbing risk-taking, but they don’t seem to be useful for encouraging it."

2016-01-01 Cheat Sheet

Productivity Can Go Viral, and You Can Catch the Bug

Finally, something’s going viral that’s worth your time and attention, the lifestyle site Cheat Sheet writes, meaning "productivity". The author refers to an article by professors Matthew Lindquist, Jan Sauermann, and Yves Zenou (affiliated to IFN), who have dug into literature and several studies relating to productivity. "The conclusion of these researchers is that productivity is indeed contagious, although not always for the same reasons."

2015-12-29 The Local

'Sweden's lead as tech nation could fade away'

To ensure Sweden gets the best out of future digitalization opportunities, the country's legislation needs to be reconsidered, writes Mårten Blix, guest researcher at IFN.

2015-12-10 Seeking Alpha

The Economic Case For Not Raising Rates, Part 2: GDP And Debt

Nicholas P. Cheer, Seeking Alpha, explores the relationship between over indebtedness and GDP growth rates. He refers to a study by Andreas Bergh and Magnus Henrekson IFN: Government Size and Growth: A Survey and Interpretation of the Evidence, which "found that as government size increases, GDP growth declines".

2015-11-27 AFP/Daily Sabah and more

Refugee crisis tests Sweden's lofty aim of ‘equality for all'

Sweden's inability to integrate immigrants is pre-occupying the Swedish public and policymakers, writes AFP in an article published in a number of media. Andreas Bregh, IFN and Lund University is being interviewed saying that " what we previously thought was a good thing about Sweden, eliminating simple jobs, is now our biggest challenge when people from other countries arrive".

2015-11-09 Pakistan Dawn

There’s more to income inequality

In a short text Pakistan Dawn writes about research by Andreas Bergh and Therese Nilsson, IFN. The researchers have established that as the number of poor people in a country rises, the market for inexpensive products expands and the purchasing power of the poor increases.

2015-11-04 New York Times

Q. & A. Why Are More Companies Passing on Going Public?

Research by a group of researchers including Alexande Ljungqvist, NYU and affiliated to IFN, indicates that corporate executives may believe that being public is a hindrance. Alexander Ljungqvist is interviwed on the NYU campus, answering questions about their innovative, and perhaps unsettling, work.

2015-11-04 New York Times

Public Companies Trying to Mimic Private Firms

There is evidence that companies are avoiding going public ... Currently, 5,303 companies are listed on United States stock exchanges, down 35 percent from 20 years ago, writes New York Times quoting research by Alexander Ljungqvist, NYU and affiliated to IFN. Their finding is that “private firms invest substantially more than public ones on average, holding firm size, industry and investment opportunities constant.”

2015-11-03 Irish Independent

Rent controls will only cut supply, just when we need more

"The rise in rent prices is now being directly linked to Alan Kelly's attempts to bring in rent controls" the Irish Independent states. The paper notes that "the story is the same wherever rent controls have been tried. Swedish economist Assar Lindbeck [IFN] has said that rent control is "the most effective technique presently known to destroy a city, except for bombing".

2015-11-02 Herald Democrat

Sweden risks blowing through budget ceiling to pay for refugees

"Sweden’s generous refugee policy is proving costly" the Herald Democrat writes. Lars Calmfors, IFN, is quoted saying it looks like the government is trying to circumvent rules by this year paying out an extra 10 billion kronor in refugee aid to municipalities. But most of that money probably will only be used next year. “This is very problematic, it seems like the government is trying to manipulate the ceiling in order to avoid breaking it,” Calmfors says.

2015-10-22 Washington Post

What the Canadian and British election polls tell us about Donald Trump

Peter J. Loewen, University of Toronto, Arthur Lupia, University of Michigan and Daniel Rubenson, Ryerson University (and affiliated to IFN) argue in Washington-Post's blog The Monkey Cage that the problem in recent elections in Canada and the UK was that the media misread the polls and misled their audiences. They claim that "the same could be happening in the United States right now regarding the presidential campaign and, in particular, the candidacy of Donald J. Trump".

2015-10-13 The Local

Will robots take over your job in Sweden?

The Local has translated an article by Mårten Blix (guest researcher at IFN) that was published i Dagens Nyheter 2015-10-12. Blix outlines "how to make sure jobs are not lost when digitalization grows in tech-savvy Sweden and robots take over skilled labour".

2015-10-10 CBC News and more

Election 2015: Toronto voters report long lines at advance polls

Lines and long waits make canadian voters head home without casting a ballot at advance polling stations. Daniel Rubenson, Ryerson University and affiliated to IFN, said "high voter turnout at advance polls isn't usually a harbinger of what will happen on Election Day".

2015-10-09 Calgary Herald and more

Support for Conservatives' niqab ban is deep and wide, even among immigrants

Voter surveys also show the Tories have become the leading choice for immigrants, Peter Loewen and Daniel Rubenson (affiliated to IFN) write. They asked  respondents about the niqab and found that "among those citizens born outside the country, 70 per cent agree with forcing women to reveal their faces".

2015-09-28 The Telegraph

Seven reasons you should worry about John McDonnell becoming Chancellor

"Labour's Shadow Chancellor laid bare in Brighton his radical agenda for the nation's economy" The Telegraph writes about John McDonnell. The criticism applies to, among other things, the property market: "Swedish economist Assar Lindbeck [IFN] infamously said that rent controls were 'the most effective technique presently known to destroy a city – except for bombing'."

2015-09-10 Forbes

Proof That Rent Control Doesn't Work Used To Prove That Rent Control Does Work

"What really happens when there is rent control is that we replace rationing by price with rationing by queuing" writes Tom Worstall in Forbes. He is quoting Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University, saying that “In many cases rent control appears to be the most efficient technique presently known to destroy a city—except for bombing.”

2015-09-09 business Insider, and more

11 really good reasons why your country should have a monarchy

Business Insider states that "... there are actually a lot of good reasons to have a monarchy". The magazine writes: "Andreas Bergh [IFN] and Christian Bjørnskov [affiliated to IFN] find that social trust is higher in monarchies. Social trust is an important factor in sociology and economics, and generally correlates with lower crime and lower corruption, among other things."

2015-09-08 Washington Post

This map helps explain why some European countries reject refugees, and others love them

The Washington Post is wondering why some European countries welcome refugees, while others do everything they can to keep them out. The answer given by the author of the article is: demographics. Writing about Sweden WP quotes IFN and Tino Sanandaji who used to work at the institute."'There just aren't many jobs anymore for the very low-skilled.'

2015-08-28 Dow Jones Newswire/Wall Street Journal, and more

Could a Middle Ages Trick Help the ECB Increase Inflation and Raise Funds?

Dow Jones Newswire has published a piece about research by Roger Svensson, IFN, and Andreas Westermark, the Riksbank. Dow Jones writes that as the European Central Bank is struggling to get inflation going, "maybe it is time the ECB tried something a little bit more radical, something from the playbook of authorities from the Middle Ages: recoinage".

2015-08-22 Seeking Alpha

A September Rate Hike Would Be A Mistake

Seeking Alpha states that "Wall Street is going wild wondering what the Fed will do in September. Will they raise rates for the first time since 2006? I certainly hope not". The newsletter refers to research by Andreas Bergh and Magnus Henrekson, IFN: "Government Size and Growth: A Survey and Interpretation of the Evidence," determined that as government size increases, GDP growth declines."

2015-08-21 BizWest

Manufacturing drives Broomfield’s economy

"Manufacturing has been and continues to be the backbone of economic productivity in the United States" writes BizWest, Colorado. The author of the article quotes an IFN-study: On average, one new manufacturing job produces 1.6 additional jobs in local service businesses.

2015-08-10 The Spectator

Immigration helps explain Sweden’s school trouble

A recently published report about the faltering Swedish school results, authored by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, is the subject of this blog post by the same author. He asserts that "about a third of Sweden’s average fall in Pisa disappears when we adjust the sample to take into account altered pupil demographics due to immigration." Due to comments to his report in Swedish media Heller Sahlgren concludes: "So next time you read an article about declining Swedish scores and there’s no mention of immigration, you know the journalist isn’t doing his or her job properly – or is pursuing an ideological agenda. Or both."

2015-08-01 The Detroit News

Other writers, on Hillary, sentencing and the economy

The Detroit News is writing about Hillary Clinton's speech about "quarterly capitalism" and an article in The National Review. The paper refers to research by Alexander Ljungqvist, NUY and affiliated to IFN.

2015-07-30 National Review

Is Corporate America Letting Us Down?

"I’ve been trying to make sense of the recent push, from Hillary Clinton and others on the left, against what’s been dubbed 'quarterly capitalism,' or the alleged tendency of publicly held companies to act in the short-term interests of speculators" Reihan Salam writes in National Review. He refers to research by Alexander Ljungqvist, NYU and affiated to IFN: "They find that privately held firms invest more than similar publicly held firms, which implies that the demands of the stock market are leading publicly held firms to underinvest."

2015-07-30 The San Francisco Examiner

Biting the hand that houses them

Michael Farren argues in The San Francisco Examiner that "if San Francisco’s residents and city leaders want to solve their never-ending affordable housing shortage, they should ... reduce housing regulations and 'unleash the cranes'.” In this context he refers to a quotation by Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University: “Next to bombing, rent control seems in many cases to be the most efficient technique so far known for destroying cities.”

2015-07-25 Forbes

Lessons For Seattle From Nordic Social Democracy: Rent Control Is A Really Bad Idea

"There are some things that economists really do generally agree upon. In fact, the number 1 on the list is about rent control" writes Forbes, refering to a quotation by Assar Lindbeck, Stockholm University and IFN: “In many cases rent control appears to be the most efficient technique presently known to destroy a city—except for bombing.”

2015-07-24 The New York Review of Books

What Is Wrong with the West’s Economies?

Edmund S. Phelps, winner of the 2006 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, believes that many of us in the West "feel that our economies are far from just". When exp0laining the progress he mentions research by Assar Lindbeck, Stockholm University and IFN: "Two economists, Stanley Fischer and Assar Lindbeck, wrote of a “Great Productivity Slowdown,” which they saw as beginning in the late 1960s."

2015-07-24 Vox and others

Hillary Clinton wants to take on "quarterly capitalism" — here's what that means

Vox writes about a speech by Hillary Clinton at NYU's Stern Business School: "Hillary Clinton plans to finger what she considers a key impediment to long-term economic growth: 'quarterly capitalism'." In this context research by Alexander Ljungqvist, NYU and affiliated to IFN, is mentioned: "They found that 'compared to private firms, public firms invest substantially less and are less responsive to changes in investment opportunities" and that this happens "especially in industries in which stock prices are most sensitive to earnings news'."

2015-07-20 Vox

How location affects friendship interactions

At Vox, CEPR's Policy Portal, writes Eleonora Patacchini, Pierre M. Picard, Yves Zenou (affiliated to IFN) how social interactions are affected by geographical distance. They argue that students tend to interact more with those who are highly central in the network of social contacts, and who are geographically closer

2015-07-14 Seeking Alpha

The Crowd Continues To Get U.S. Treasury Bonds Wrong

The crowd continues to ignore the role of the dollar, debt, and deflation, asserts Nicholas P. Cheer in Seeking Alpha. He refers to a paper by Andreas Bergh and Magnus Henrekson, IFN: "Government Size and Growth: A Survey and Interpretation of the Evidence". Cheers writes that in this study it is "determined that as government size increases, GDP growth declines".

2015-06-09 Scoop

Free Press ACT’s regular bulletin

"How to Destroy a City. No, we are not talking about council planning in Auckland," writes Scoop. Instead it is a question of "whether rent controls would be a good thing. David Seymour quoted Swedish economist Assar Lindbeck [IFN], who observed that rent controls are the best way to destroy a city, second only to bombing it."

2015-06-04 Irish Independent

Only bombs destroy a city more quickly than rent control

The Attorney General has cleared the way for temporary rent controls, writes Irish Independent. The author argues: "Just look at Stockholm, for examples, for the harm that a rent ceiling can inflict on a city." He quotes Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University, saying that "rent control appears to be the most efficient technique presently known to destroy a city - except for bombing".

2015-05-30 Reuters and more

2015 AQR Insight Award Winners Announced

Matti Keloharju, Aalto University School of Business and affiliated to IFN, has earned an honorable mentioning by AQR Insight Award for his research on “Common Factors in Return Seasonalities”.

Matti Keloharju, D.Sc., Aalto University School of Business, CEPR and IFN - See more at:

2015-05-28 City Journal

Shantytown Sweden

In this op-ed Johan Wennström, IFN, argues that while Sweden is engulfed by international beggars nothing is done to make changes as the political elites share the worldview of the Left. "The Left, which traditionally has championed the welfare state and the abolition of poverty, now defends the “right” to beg in the streets. Degradation is reinterpreted as empowerment and getting a leg up in a prosperous society."

2015-05-27 Varsity

Unless they elect Liz Kendall, Labour are doomed

"The frontrunners for the Labour leadership offer no change from the washed up 1970s style Leftism of Ed Miliband. Only Kendall has a broad appeal", writes Cambridge University’s independent student newspaper. When commenting on rent control, Varsity quotes Assar Lindbeck, IFN och Stockholm University saying that ‘‘next to bombing,[rent control is] the most efficient technique so far known for destroying cities’’.

2015-05-25 The Independant

John Nash: Mathematician who won a Nobel Prize – and inspired the Oscar-winning film 'A Beautiful Mind'

Writing about the death of the Nobel Prize winner Johan Nash, The Independant, quotes Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University, the former chairman of the committee for the Nobel Prize in Economics: “We helped lift him into the daylight,” Lindbeck told Sylvia Nasar, Nash’s biographer. “We resurrected him in a way.”

2015-05-14 The Tyee

Finnish Schools Earn an Enemy

The Tyee, Vancouver, Canada, writes about the Finnish school system referring to Pasi Sahlberg, a Finnish educator, that "has been evangelizing about his country's schools for years" and Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN, who challenges conventional wisdom regarding the reasons for Finland’s education success.

2015-05-05 Quadrant Magazine

The Undone Tasks of Deregulation

The Quadrant online writes about the burdens of regulation noting that "little disincentives and distractions add up". The author refers to "an important paper" published by IFN and Christian Bjørnskov, affilated to IFN, about the relationship between standard measures of economic freedom and economic crises. "As Bjørnskov finds, a high degree of economic freedom does little to prevent countries from suffering an economic crisis. But the degree to which an economy is free is a very important factor..."

2015-05-03 The

Is the reign of the Danish male executive over?

The typical Danish boardroom is becoming less of an old boys’ club as more and more women and foreigners take up board positions in the nation’s largest firms, writes The Local, quoting Lars Oxelheim, IFN, being interview in the Danish daily paper Politiken. The logic is clear: If you’re a small country with a small language, you really win a lot by bringing on a foreign board member.”

2015-05-01 The Herald Scotland

Andrew Denholm: What should we read into falling literacy standards in Scottish schools?

Introduced amidst widespread expectations that it would raise standards, Curriculum for Excellence (CfE) appears to be struggling with even the basics, writes Andrew Denholm. He refers to a study about the Finnish school system by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, IFN. Scotland copied some of the modern Finnish features and Sahlgren argues that the success of Finland's education system was actually based on an earlier more standardised, traditional approach and recent reforms were actually undermining its success.

2015-04-30 Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics

Review of Sweden and the Revival of the Capitalist Welfare State by Andreas Bergh

Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics is reviewing Sweden and the Revival of the Capitalist Welfare State by Andreas Bergh. "Bergh truly does a great job at dispelling myths about the Swedish welfare state" Per Bylund writes. "He [Bergh] is perhaps too dedicated to the institutional explanation and a little too reluctant to speculate on possible explanations, but there should be no doubt that this book is a very nice contribution to our understanding of the reality of the welfare state in contrast to progressive mythology."


Globalization Is Good for You!

Reason is an American monthly magazine. Stating that "new research demonstrates the amazing power of open markets and open borders" the writer argues that a study by Andreas Bergh and Therese Nilsson, IFN, that "economic globalization significantly boosts life expectancy, especially in developing countries".


Who Needs Bombs to Destroy a City When You Have Labour’s Rent Control

"According to Swedish economist Assar Lindbeck [IFN], 'next to bombing, rent control is the most effective way to destroy a city.' He might have been talking about London in 2015" writes Breitbart London. "Labour leader Ed Miliband’s proposed cap on rents isn’t just a silly attempt to garner tenant votes."

2015-04-27 The Guardian

Britain should be wary of borrowing education ideas from abroad

Pasi Sahlberg writes that it's a myth that Finland's education system is in decline because of the adoption of progressive student-centred approaches to teaching and learning. Sahlberg argues that Gabriel Heller Sahlgren's (IFN) analysis in the report Finnish Lessons "contradict ... most educational research findings about new pedagogy and deeper learning from around the world".

2015-04-26 The Mail on Sunday, etc

Labour promises stamp duty reprieve for first-time buyers on homes worth up to £300,000

The Labour leader has announced that as British Prime Minister he would prevent those letting out their properties from increasing rents above the rate of inflation (which means a price freeze, since inflation is now zero). When reporting this numerous papers have quoted Assar Lindbeck, IFN and Stockholm University, saying that "Rent control appears to be the most efficient technique presently known to destroy a city, except for bombing."

2015-04-21 Seeking Alpha

The Fed Will Not Raise Interest Rates In 2015

In an article on whether the US Fed will raise interest rates writes Nicholas P. Cheer that "in order to make the case for raising rates in the current economic environment, one would have to ignore the vast amounts of data coming out of the economy". On his list of studies can be found research by Andreas Bergh and Magnus Henrekson, IFN.

2015-04-21 Brisbane Business News

The other missing 96% of the ASX

Brisbane Business News writes about "a 'brain drain' afflicting the Australian economy, and while inroads have been made with our startup ecosystem, StartupAUS says the government still has a lot to answer for". The site refers to research by IFN showing that small business is worlds apart from startups.

2015-04-20 Social Justice Solutions

Poverty Rates Are Lower Than Ever — Why Is Income Inequality on the Rise?

"You could be forgiven for assuming that the Great Recession of 2008 and recent increases in worldwide food prices would have caused significantly more people around the world to slip into poverty ... But according to the World Bank, that’s not what’s happened" writes Social Justice Solutions, referring to researcher Andreas Bergh, IFN.

2015-04-17 American Enterprise Institute

Why private equity firms get a bad rap about layoffs

James Pethokoukis writes about what happens when a private-equity firm buys out a company. "Who loses their job and why? That’s the subject of “Private Equity, Layoffs, and Job Polarization” by Martin Olsson and Joacim Tåg [IFN]".

2015-04-17 National Review

Follow Sweden: Kill the Inheritance Tax Now

"Class warriors on the left argue that the United States should be more like Sweden, and we agree: Senate Republicans should move forward with a plan to repeal the inheritance tax..." writes National Review. "... in Sweden as in the US, the bloody-minded support for the tax on the left has never been a question of raising government revenue; instead, it is “primarily related to an ideology of redistribution” and the “ideological momentum of the Social Democrats,” as Sweden’s Research Institute of Industrial Economics put it."

2015-04-15 Relocate Global

Finland knocked off top spot in international education league table

Relocate Global writes: "In the report Real Finnish Lessons: The true story of an education superpower, published by right wing think tank, Centre for Policy Studies, author Gabriel Heller Sahlgren challenges conventional wisdom regarding the reasons for Finland’s remarkable education success."

2015-04-15 SI News

Finland: No longer #1 in global education?

"Finland's longstanding reputation as a progressive innovator in education may be coming to an end" writes SI News refering to a report witten by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, director of research at the Centre for Market Reform of Education and affiliated to IFN. The title of the report being: Real Finnish lessons.

2015-04-15 The Times

Why the golden boy of education has lost his lustre

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN, explains in an op-ed in the Times that "Finland’s old-school culture is in decline, catching up with the economic transformation and generating less learning-oriented attitudes". In the wake of the slipping Finnish performance Heller Sahlgren explains that "the only relevant policy lesson appears to be the danger of throwing out authority in schools and especially the wholesale implementation of pupil-led instruction, today embraced worldwide".

Real Finnish Lessons: The true story of an education superpower, by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren

2015-04-15 BBC News

Finns aren't what they used to be

Finland has been the poster child for education reform,writes BBC News when presenting a report authored by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN: Real Finnish Lessons: The true story of an education superpower. "Mr Sahlgren argues that Finland's star performance in the 2000 Pisa tests was built on the legacy of an older, very traditional education system, which had been part of the country's process of nation building."

2015-04-14 Cato Institute

The Right and Wrong Ways to Learn Policy Lessons from Other Countries

Andrew J. Coulson writes about the report Real Finnsih Lessons by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, who is affiliated to IFN. Coulson concludes: "... Finland has been slipping in the rankings on the PISA test in recent years ... And, as will be revealed in a forthcoming paper by Gabriel Sahlgren, the introduction of the most celebrated Finnish education policies does not support the view that they aided its rise on the PISA test, due to their timing."

2015-04-14 Daily Mail

Proof that 'pupil-led' trendy teaching lowers standards

Daily Mail writes about a new report by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN: Real Finnish Lessons: The true story of an education superpower. "Britain should be wary of adopting trendy pupil-led teaching techniques from Scandinavia because they may be making standards worse, a new report claims."

2015-04-01 Risk Management

Working with Father Time

Risk Management writes about retirement seen from different aspects.  A 2013 report by Gabriel Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN, states that while retirees’ health improves in the first year or two of retirement, it then declines quicker compared to people of the same age who still work. “We need to rethink the retirement-work balance because we are at a turning point for what that is going to mean in the future,” Sahlgren said.

2015-03-26 American Enterprise Institute & Ricochet

Is America’s welfare state suffocating US entrepreneurs?

What’s the link between entrepreneurship and the welfare state? asks journalist and blogger James Pethokoukis: "Indeed, as researchers Magnus Henrekson and Tino Sanandaji [IFN] have pointed out, high rates of self employment can be a sign of economic weakness since taxes and regulation are impeding the ability of startups to become large, successful companies.

2015-02-25 The Economist

Social networks: Centrality planning

Economists can no longer ignore the fact that people’s opinions are all influenced by friends and acquaintances, writes the Economist. Adding that "unfortunately, social networks also exacerbate bad behaviour". The magazine refers to the study "Criminal Networks: Who is the Key Player?". Yves Zenou, IFN and Stockholm University is one of the authors of this paper.

2015-01-30 The Tax Justice Research Bulletin

Lo-o-ng run tax data: Sweden, 1862-2013

Sweden’s IFN has undertaken a fascinating project, to bring together and to analyse what seems to be the longest single-country span of tax data ever compiled, writes Alex Cobham. Adding tha "the paper, and the project, represent exactly the type of work that, as Morten Jerven has pointed out, is necessary to complement the improvement in cross-country data represented by the ICTD’s Government Revenue Dataset.

2015-02-24 New York Times

Economic Freedom Does Not Necessarily Lead to Greater Tolerance

Professor Tyler Cowen writes about research by Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson, both IFN: "One of their most striking findings is that societies characterized by greater economic freedom and greater wealth do indeed exhibit greater tolerance toward gay people, a tendency suggesting that gay rights, including gay marriage, will spread globally as national economies liberalize and develop."

2014-10-06 The Economist

A good choice?

Swedish students used to lead international rankings, but the country’s education standards have been declining for years, writes The Economist in a blog-post. Critics of vouchers blame school choice for these dismal results. But there are good reasons to believe the problem is not school choice, argues The Economist referring to research by Karin Edmark, IFN: "The authors find that school choice has had a small, but positive impact, particularly for minority and low-income students."

2014-09-12 Economist

Sweden’s election: The eight-year itch

"The centre-right government of Fredrik Reinfeldt has been a great success, yet voters may well eject it in favour of the Social Democrats" writes the Economist. "Mr Borg warns loudly against tax rises by the centre-left. He supports choice and rejects claims that private provision of public services has reduced quality. Most independent analysts agree, and a new book backs them up*. The new book is mentioned: Sweden and the Revival of the Capitalist Welfare State by Andreas Bergh, IFN.

2014-08-28 CityAM

Forget Piketty: How Sweden combined wealth and equality through capitalism

Andreas Bergh, IFN, is the author of the book Sweden and the Revival of the Capitalist Welfare State. I this article he argues that the French economist Thomas Piketty’s theories revolve around the classic conflict between labour and capital. Though, he writes, "the success of a country like Sweden is that this conflict has been transformed into a symbiotic relationship."

2014-08-20 Radio Sweden

Should teachers be more like Florence Nightingale?

At a seminar organized by IFN a new book about the teaching profession by Johan Wennström was presented. "It is high time to start talking about the teaching profession as a vocation again" said Wennström.  Isn't that a ticket to low pay for teachers? No, said Wennström, there is no contradiction between working for duty and a calling, and having a good pay.

2014-07-30 The Times

Private schools are good for the economy

The Times is writing about a new report authored by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, who is affiliated to IFN. Sahlgren argues that "sending more children to private school would add billions of pounds to Britain’s economy". Increased competition between independent schools could have raised GDP by £5,800 per person, the report claims.


How competitive schools make a competitive economy

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, Research Director at the Centre for Market Reform of Education, and Affiliated Researcher at IFN writes about his own report: "The benefits of higher education quality are very large. My calculations suggest that if the UK had performed at the level of Taiwan in international tests since the mid-20th century, average annual per-capita GDP growth would have been about 0.8 percentage points higher in the period 1960-2007. This in turn means that our per-capita GDP would have been over £5,000 higher in 2007 than it was."

2014-07-29 The Telegraph

Britons would each be £6,000 better off if more children went to private school

The Adam Smith Institute said that independent schools represent one of the cheapest ways for the government to improve exam results and pupils' potential earnings. The study, by Gabriel Heller Sahlgren (affiliated to IFN), showed how competition among Holland’s independent schools had developed higher international test scores, while driving costs down.

2014-07-23 Friedman Foundation

Is Swedish School Choice Disastrous—or Is the Reading of the Evidence?

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN, argues that the reading of the evidence is disastrous when dealing with Swedish school choice and test results. He refutes Professor Ray Fisman's statement that school choice reforms have been one reason behind Sweden’s fall in international test scores.

2014-07-21 National Review Online

Sweden Has an Education Crisis, But It Wasn't Caused by School Choice

In the early 1990s, Sweden introduced one of the most ambitious school-voucher systems in the world. In National Review Online Tino Sanandaji, IFN, weighs in on the debate over Sweden’s school performance and the role played by this voucher program. Sanandaji claims that the Swedish school crisis can not be attributed to Sweden's embrace of school choice.

2014-07-21 Education Investor

The Bottom Line: State Schools

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, affiliated to IFN, writes in the British Education Investor (June/July issue) that "it is time to end the national ban on profit-making companies owning and operatingstate-funded schools in England, and let them drive the progress in education just as theyv have done in the economy at large." He explains that as a general rule, "we should pursue experiments before scaling policy up to the national level, and this applies here too". Sahlgrensuggests that by allowing randomised trials in certain areas, "we could rigorously test the impact of profits in the English context; given the existing evidence, only the ideological zealot could argue in favour of a complete ban on profits in schools".

2014-06-09 Wall Street Journal

Want to Be CEO? Stand Tall.

A study of 1.3 million Swedish men found—not too surprisingly–that chief executives score highly on measures of intelligence and soft skills, with top scorers more likely to helm large companies. This is the foundings of a sudy on Swedish data by researchers Samuli Knupfer and Matti Keloharju, bort affiliated to IFN. "But talent isn’t the only predictor for success. CEOs in the sample tended to be taller than average" WSJ writes in a blog post.

2014-06-04 Financial Times

Chief executives – taller and cleverer

Chief executives are paid more because they are smarter, psychologically robust and taller than the general population, writes Financial Times in a blog post. The writer is referring to a new research paper that used data collected from tests compiled by the Swedish military on men born between 1952 and 1978, who were entering compulsory military service. Both researchers are affiliated ti IFN: Samuli Knupfer and Matti Keloharju.

2014-05-19 Foreign Affairs

Stockholm Syndrome: How Immigrants Are Changing Sweden's Welfare State

“Immigration has meant that Sweden has imported a bunch of social and economic problems that to a degree didn’t exist before,” Tino Sanandaji said in an interview with Foreign Affairs, adding that "for a number of reasons -- a long period of peace, a homogenous population -- Sweden has had a unique combination of welfare, growth, and equality. That idyll is to a certain degree over.”

2014-04-27 The Telegraph

Entrepreneurs power the best economies

A new book, SuperEntrepreneurs and how your country can get them, authored by Nima and Tino Sanandaji, the latter researcher at IFN, is published by the Centre for Policy Studies. In regards to the book Nima Sanandaji writes in The Telegraph that "entrepreneurship ... is not the same as self-employment, nor should politicians of any party assume that policies that encourage self-employment necessarily promote entrepreneurship".

2014-02-18 Financial Times

Let schools compete and students will be winners

Gabriel H. Sahlgren, IFN and Center for Market Reform of Education, and Julian Le Grand, London School of Economics, argue that competition between schools can force laggards to improve: "In fact, there is evidence that competions actually decreases the impact of pupils' background in interantional testst", they write adding that copying countries with the huighest grades is not the right way to improve. 


Self-employed doesn't equal entrepreneur

“Small business activity does not measure entrepreneurship” is the title of an article by Magnus Henrekson and Tino Sanandaji, both IFN, published in the prestigious American scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The article has been commented on in a number of media.

2014-01-09 The Telegraph

Call to raise state pension age to 68 within next decade

Plans to increase the state pension age to 68 has to be implemented far earlier reaching that level by 2023 instead of around 2045, said Gabriel H. Sahlgren (affiliated to IFN) at the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA). He explained that  the state pension system incentivises early retirement and also calls for reforms of employment laws to make it easier for older Britons to find work.

2013-12-10 The Spectator

The psychosis of the PISA report and best practices

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren, who is affiliated to IFN, argues against Finland’s Pasi Sahlberg who claim that "choice, competition, and accountability have spread like a virus around the world, infecting education system." Gabriel Sahlgren writes that "researchers find that having more free schools decrease the impact of parental background on PISA (and TIMSS) achievement. If Sahlberg wants more equality, he should tell countries to privatise education provision ..."

2013-11-24 Aljazeera

Sweden's refugee policy sets high standard

Despite its housing shortage, Sweden is offering Syrian asylum seekers permanent residence and a chance to resettle, writes Aljazeera. One of those interviewed in the article is Tino Sanandaji, IFN: "We have a very modern, knowledge economy ... There just aren't many jobs anymore for the very low-skilled." In regards to ther refugees from Syria he argues that "there is a high rate of them that are going to end up unemployed."

2013-11-17 National Review Online

Guest Post by Tino Sanandaji: On Swedish Billionaires

2013-11-17 National Review Online

Matthew Yglesias in Slate argues that the high per capita number of Swedish billionaires demonstrates that a generous welfare state does not preclude entrepreneurship. Tino Sanandaji, IFN, writes that "not all billionaires on the Forbes list are entrepreneurs. The list also includes individuals who’ve largely inherited their wealth". He adds that if  "excluding inherited wealth and billionaires who earned their wealth in other countries, the U.S. has twice the rate of billionaire entrepreneurship compared to Sweden".

2013-10-22 The Telegraph

The teachers unions’ guild system must be abolished, not strengthened, Mr Clegg

Gabriel H Sahlgren, Centre for Market Reform of Education at the Institute of Economic Affairs and affiliated to IFN, addressed Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg in regards to the claim that all academies and free schools must hire educators with officially approved teacher qualifications. Sahlgren noted that It would further enforce teachers unions’ monopoly, but would be bad for kids. "Because of the lack of knowledge regarding what makes educators effective, the government should clearly step out of the way here."

2013-10-03 The Local

Experts call on 'fat cat' Sweden to reform

In regards to the escalating healthcare costs The Local refers to an opinion piece in Svenska Dagbladet written by Martin Ljunge, IFN. "[Ljunge] argued that healthcare insurance should be separated from the state budget in the same way as pensions." He suggested that the high cost of health insurance impacts spending on education and care services .Ljunge proposed, writes The Local, "a closed system where revenues from health insurance contributions are drawn from payroll taxes and national insurance".

2013-08-30 Washington Post

The Swedish model for economic recovery

In an Opinion piece C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute, suggests that President Obama "highlight [the Nordic countries] successful reform to his G-20 counterparts in St. Petersburg". Referring to a study by the Research Institute of Industrial Economics, IFN, Bergsten states that following the crisis in 1991 “to its enormous credit, Sweden reversed course with consummate skill and political courage; it has become a paragon of sensible economic and social policy”.

2013-08-21 The RoosterGNN

Why Nordic nations lack female entrepreneurs

The News Agancy RoosterGNN writes about a working paper by Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula (IFN): “Why are there so few female top executives in egalitarian welfare states?” "Through a comparison of Anglo-Saxon and Northern European countries the authors show that the Nordic nations are indeed gender equal in many ways. But Nordic societies also have a stronger under-representation of women in top positions than in Anglo-Saxon societies, which relates to the policy of welfare states."

2013-06-12 The Local

How Sweden can acheive income equality

Swedish writer Nima Sanandaji looks at which societal problems may be behind Sweden's rising income inequality. Referring to research by Andreas Bergh, IFN, who has concluded that "a number of seemingly unrelated reforms, such as land reforms, school reforms and the occurrence of unions and centralized wage bargaining, are likely explanations." Sanandaji is convinced that today "the best strategy would be to improve the failing education system, so that large numbers of young people are not handicapped by limited knowledge and skills".

2013-06-04 National Review Online

Torching Utopia

"Sweden’s problem is not Islam, it’s multiculturalism," claims Tino Sanandaji, IFN, when commenting on riots that have been taking place lately in Stockholm suburbs. Sanandaji writes: "Multiculturalism teaches that natives have no moral right to impose their culture on immigrants." Sanandaji is convinced that immigrants "will never achieve social equality as long as official policy is based on cultural segregation, which means that the next round of riots is only a matter of time".

2013-05-30 MIT Technology Review

Are Your Grades Written in Your Genes?

A study finds that gene variants might have a subtle effect on scholastic achievement, I e how long someone stays in school.One of the authors is David Cesarini who is affiliated to IFN: “If genes have small effects, as our study shows, then sample sizes need to be very large to produce robust findings that will reliably replicate in other samples,” said Cesarini.

2013-05-17 The Telegraph

France least tolerant country in Western Europe of homosexuals

British The Telegraph writes: "Therese Nilsson and Niclas Berggren, whose paper "Does Economic Freedom Foster Tolerance" was published in economic journal Kyklos last month, believe that these results show the correlation between economic freedoms such as small government and stable monetary policy, and tolerance of those of a different race or sexuality. Their work found that tolerance of homosexuality is particularly strongly correlated with economic freedom."

2013-05-15 Foreign Policy

Countries with more open economies are less homophobic, but not less racist

"A paper by Swedish economists Niclas Berggen and Therese Nilsson published in Kykklos attempts to discover whether countries with higher levels of economic freedom also have more tolerant societies," writes Foreign Policy, conluding that "I'm not sure the argument that people in liberalized economies are more tolerant only to those who are not perceived as an economic threat is really all that encouraging, though with anti-immigrant political sentiment rising in many western countries at the same time that laws protecting gay rights and same-sex marriage are becoming more widespread, it does have a ring of truth about it. "

2013-05-15 Washington Post

A fascinating map of the world’s most and least racially tolerant countries

Max Fisher, Washington Post, writes about the research of Niclas Berggren, IFN, and Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University. They examine whether economic freedom is related to tolerance towards people of a different race and to tolerance towards homosexuals. They make use of data from the World Values Survey, and their study "Does Economic Freedom Foster Tolerance?" was recently published in the scientific journal Kyklos. Fisher's article has so far rendered more than 2,300 comments on Washington Post's web site, 60,000 likes on Facebook and more than 4,500 tweets (by May 20, 2013).

2013-04-16 Bloombergs

Banking Risks Spur Talk of 20% Buffers in Sweden

Sweden’s economic elite are debating whether governments with oversized bank industries need to demand even tougher capital standards than those agreed after the latest wave of regulatory tightening. “Ideally, the capital requirements for banks should be raised substantially,” said Assar Lindbeck, Research Fellow at the Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) in an interview with Bloombergs.

2013-04-09 The American

Lessons from a Feminist Paradise on Equal Pay Day

"Most mothers do not aspire to elite, competitive full-time positions: the Swedish policies have given them the freedom and opportunity to live the lives they prefer. Americans should look past the gender rhetoric and consider what these Scandinavians have achieved. On their way to creating a feminist paradise, the Swedes have inadvertently created a haven for normal mortals", writes Christina Hoff Sommers, American Enterprise Institute. She quotes research by Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, IFN, why there are so few female top executives in Europe.

2013-02-02 The Economist

The Secret of Their Success

The Nordic countries are probably the best-governed in the world, writes the Economist, and hereby quoting researcher Andreas Bergh, IFN: "Government’s role in improving equality is also being questioned. Andreas Bergh, of Sweden’s Research Institute of Industrial Economics, argues that the compression of Swedish incomes took place before the arrival of the welfare state, which was a consequence rather than a cause of the region’s prosperity—and almost killed the goose that laid the golden eggs."

2013-01-16 The Local

Do Sweden's free schools make the grade?

Writing about Swedish free schools the Local’s Christine Demsteader looks at the lessons that can be learned. A number of Swedish school experts are interviewed, among these researcher Jonas Vlachos who is affiliated to IFN. "Increased segregation and no significant effect on raised standards are conclusions reached by Jonas Vlachos"the Local writes.

2016-09-09 Foreign Affairs

Influence of South Africa’s price-setting environment on monetary policy trajectory

Foreign Affairs, New Zeeland, published a text about South Africa. A statement by the Republic of South Africa was used as source: "Institutions also play a key role in our inflation process. An important argument in academic literature, specifically by Lars Calmfors [IFN] and John Driffill, connects unemployment to the kinds of collective bargaining rules used in a country.6 The basic idea is that a country can achieve better employment outcomes when costs take into account firm-level productivity or are guided at a very high, macroeconomic level."

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