Research faculty

Fredrik Heyman

Associate Professor/Senior Research Fellow

Research interests: Empirical labor economics and international economics.

Among the questions that Fredrik Heyman tries to answer with his research:

  • How is employment and wages affected by globalization?
  • How do mergers and acquisitions influence employees and companies?
  • What are the effects of foreign direct investments and multinational companies’ presence in Sweden on the Swedish labor market?

New research

Gender Discrimination at the Top and Product Market Competition Fredrik Heyman, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson

Published Work

“Job Polarization, Job Tasks and the Role of Firms”, Economics Letters,Vol. 145, August 2016. Working paper version.

"Global Engagement, Complex Tasks, and the Distribution of Occupational Employment" (with Carl Davidson, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu), Review of International Economics,Vol. 24, No.4, 2016. Working paper version.

"The Dynamics of Offshoring and Institutions” (with Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall), B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, Vol. 15, Issue 4. Working Paper version.

"Employment Protection Reform, Enforcement in Collective Agreements and Worker Flows" (with Per Skedinger), forthcoming Industrial Relations. Working Paper version.

"Globalization and Imperfect Labor Market Sorting" (with Carl Davidson, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu), Journal of International Economics, Vol. 94, Issue 2, November 2014, pp. 177–194. Working Paper version.

"Multinational Firms, Acquisitions and Job Tasks" (with Katariina Hakkala and Fredrik Sjöholm), European Economic Review, Vol 66, 2014. Working Paper version.

"Liberalized Trade and Worker-Firm Matching Sorting" (with Carl Davidson, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu). American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings, Vol. 102, No. 3, 2012. Working Paper version.

"Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination" (with Helena Svaleryd and Jonas Vlachos), Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 66, No. 2, 2013. Working Paper version.

"Acquisitions, Multinationals and Wage Dispersion" (with Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall and Fredrik Sjöholm), Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 44, No. 2, May 2011, pp 627-650. Working Paper version.

"Cross-Border Acquisitions, Multinationals and Wage Elasticities" (with Katariina Hakkala and Fredrik Sjöholm). Review of World Economics, Vol. 146, No. 2, 2010, pp. 263-280. Working Paper version.

"Do Entrenched Managers Pay Their Workers More? (with Henrik Cronqvist, Mattias Nilsson, Helena Svaleryd and Jonas Vlachos). Journal of Finance,Vol. 64, No. 1, 2009, pp. 309-339. Working Paper version.

"Is there Really a Foreign Ownership Wage Premium? Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data" (with Fredrik Sjöholm and Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall ), Journal of International Economics, Vol. 73, No. 2, 2007, pp. 355–376. Working Paper version.

"Microdata Evidence on Rent-Sharing" (med Mahmood Arai), Applied Economics, Vol. 41, No. 23, 2009, pp. 2965-2976. Working Paper-version.

"Firm Size or Firm Age? The Effect on Wages Using Matched Employer-Employee Data". LABOUR, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2007, pp. 237-263. Working Paper version.

"How Wage Compression Affects Job Turnover". Journal of Labor Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2008, pp. 11-26. Working Paper version.

"Pay Inequality and Firm Performance: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data", Applied Economics, Vol. 37, No. 11, 2005, pp. 1313-1327.

"Temporary Contracts and the Dynamics of Job Turnover" (with Mahmood Arai), Economics Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2004. Working Paper version.

"Empirical Studies on Wages, Firm Performance and Job Turnover" , Doctoral Thesis, Stockholm School of Economics, 2002.


Working Papers

Global Engagement and the Occupational Structure of Firms” (with Carl Davidson, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu), Working Paper No. 1026, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, 2014, revise and re-submit, European Economic Review.

Foreign Direct Investment, Source Country Heterogeneity and Management Practices” (with Rickard Hammarberg and Pehr-Johan Norbäck). Working Paper No. 1041, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, 2014, revise and re-submit, Economica.

“Discrimination at the Top and Competition” (with Alexander Ljungqvist, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson), mimeo, work in progress.

“When the Swedish Business Sector Became More Entrepreneurial than the U.S. and Why” (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Lars Persson and Fredrik Andersson), mimeo, work in progress.

The Turnaround of Swedish Industry: Firm Diversity and Job and Productivity Dynamics” (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson), Working Paper No. 1079, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, 2015.

The Turnaround of the Swedish Economy: Lessons from Business Sector Reforms” (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson), IFN Policy Paper No. 73, 2015.

Nordic Collaboration under Staying Competitive: Challenges for a small open Economy. Comparative Nordic study financed by the Norwegian Research Council, work in progress.

“Globalization and the Organization of Firms and Plants Within Corporations" (with Carl Davidson, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu), work in progress.



In Swedish

Digitaliseringens dynamik – en ESO-rapport om strukturomvandlingen i svenskt näringsliv (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson). Rapport till Expertgruppen för Studier i Offentlig ekonomi (ESO), 2016:4.

Produktivitet och företagsdynamik i svenskt näringsliv 1996-2009 (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson), IFN Policy Paper nr 65, 2014.

Produktmarknadskonkurrens och diskriminering: Teori och empiri (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson). Rapport till Konkurrensverket, 2014.

Var skapas jobben? – En ESO-rapport om dynamiken i svenskt näringsliv 1990 till 2009 (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson). Rapport till ESO (Expertgruppen för offentlig ekonomi), 2013:3.

Jobbdynamiken i svenskt näringsliv 1990 till 2009 – teori och empiri (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson). Utvidgad version av ESO-rapport som inkluderar teori. IFN Policy Paper nr 60, 2013.

Utlandsägande och utländska uppköp: Vilken betydelse har huvudägarens hemvist? (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck), Uppdragsforskningsrapport Näringsdepartementet 2012. IFN Policy Paper nr 61, 2013.

"Globalisering och matchning på arbetsmarknaden", Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 40, No 1, 2012 (with Fredrik Sjöholm), 2012.

"Lönespridning inom företag och produktivitet – en internationell forskningsöversikt", Ekonomiska Samfundets tidskrift, No. 1, april 2012.

"Sambandet mellan lönespridning inom företag och produktivitet: vad säger forskningen?", IFN Policy Paper nr 52, 2012.

Konkurrens och effektivitetseffekter av privatiseringar (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson), Research report to the Swedish Competition Authority (Uppdragsforskningsrapport Konkurrensverket 2012:4).

Arbetsmarknadseffekter av utländska direktinvesteringar (with Katariina Hakkala and Fredrik Sjöholm). Underlagsrapport nr 16 till Globaliseringsrådet, 2008.

"Utlandsägande och löner i Sverige", Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 34, No 4, 2006 (with Fredrik Sjöholm and Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall).



Changes in the wage structure and bargaining system in the Nordic Countries(comparative Nordic study), The Councils for research in the humanities and social sciences in the Nordic countries.

Internationalisation of the Nordic labour and its consequences for labour demand – a comparative research project (comparative Nordic study), The Councils for research in the humanities and social sciences in the Nordic countries.

A master course in Econometrics, 160 pp, 2010.

A basic course in Econometrics, 75 pp, 2004.



Fredrik Heyman


Ph: +46 8 665 4537


Fredrik Heyman is an IFN Senior Research Fellow. He received his Ph.D. in Economics in 2002 at the Stockholm School of Economics, where he became an Associate Professor 2009. The title of his thesis was "Empirical Studies on Wages, Firm Performance and Job Turnover." Following his doctorate, he worked at the Research Institute FIEF and since 2006 at IFN. Fredrik Heyman is also affiliated to Lund University.

Leading Research Environment

IFN at the top


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The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, IFN, is a private and independent foundation devoted to pursuing highly relevant research for trade and industry.

The researchers at IFN are united in their belief that economic methods offer a powerful tool for understanding society.

The main research programs are:

  1. economics of entrepreneurship
  2. globalization and corporate restructuring
  3. economics of the service sector
  4. economics of the electricity markets
  5. economics of institutions and culture.

Global Award

Research on entrepreneurship




The Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is the foremost global award for research on entrepreneurship.This Prize is awarded annually with a prize sum of EUR 100,000.

IFN in cooperation with Entreprenörskapsforum and Vinnova are the principals of the award, in cooperation with the donor, Stockholms Köpmansklubb.

Hernando de Soto, President of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD), in Lima, Peru, is the winner of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research 2017. He will receive the award at a ceremony on May 15, 2016, in Stockholm.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 |