International trade, trade agreements, environmental agreements, competition policy, and regulations.
Among the questions that Henrik Horn tries to answer with his research:
- How should the core provisions in the WTO Agreement be interpreted?
- How should EU environmental policies be designed?
- What drives international economic integration at regional and global levels?
- How should competition policies and other regulations be designed in open economies?
Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law
Henrik Horn and Petros C. Mavroidis
Horn's research mainly focuses on issues at the intersection of Economics and Law, and in particular economic and legal aspects of international integration agreements, such as the WTO and the EU, and competition and regulation issues. He is also participating in a long-term project on the relation between nationally and multilaterally defined environmental policies and the WTO Agreement. He has also done research in various other areas, including trade theory and trade policy, industrial organization, and labor economics.
Horn has taught courses from introductory level to advanced graduate level at e.g Stockholm University, Stockholm School of Economics, the University of Michigan, Princeton University, the World Trade Institute (Bern), and the Graduate Institute of International Studies (Geneva). He has served as a Judge in the Swedish supreme court for antitrust cases, and worked for 4 years in the Economic Research and Analysis Division of the WTO.
Henrik Horn has jointly with Petros C. Mavroidis, been Co-Chief Reporters for the American Law Institute project Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law. In this long-run project, economists and lawyers have jointly analyzed the WTO Agreement and the case law from the WTO Dispute Settlement system. To date, approximately 70 WTO disputes have been analyzed by pairs of economists and lawyers.
Henrik Horn and Petros C. Mavroidis have compiled an extensive data set on the Dispute Settlement system of the WTO. The data set comprises approximately 67 000 observations on various legal and administrative aspects, of all WTO disputes initiated since the inception of the WTO 1 January 1995, up to the end of July 2011. The data set tracks each dispute from the initial Request for Consultations, through adjudication, and implementation.
The paper “The WTO Dispute Settlement System 1995-2010: Some Descriptive Statistics” (joint with Louise Johannesson and Petros C. Mavroidis), provides some basic observations from the data.
Henrik Horn also participates in the long-term project Environment and Trade in a World of Interdependence – ENTWINED – supported by The Foundation of Strategic Environmental Research (Mistra, Sweden). The project brings together researchers and policy analysts from several countries. The project focuses on the interplay between environmental policies, and the global trade regime (in particular the WTO).
- Why the WTO? An Introduction to the Economics of Trade Agreements, The American Law Institute, 2012. (With Gene M. Grossman.)
- Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law: National Treatment, The American Law Institute, 2012. (With Gene M. Grossman and Petros C. Mavroidis.)
- “Between Transparency and Adjudication: Environmental Measures in the WTO TBT Committee”, 2012. (With Petros C. Mavroidis and Erik Wijkström.)
- “Internationell tjänstehandel: GATS-avtalet och Sverige” (”International trade in services: the GATS and Sweden”), forthcoming in Henrik Jordahl (ed.), Kartläggning av tjänstesektorn i Sverige, Ingenjörsvetenskapsakademien, 2012.
- “The WTO Dispute Settlement System 1995-2010: Some Descriptive Statistics”, Journal of World Trade 45(6), 2011. (With Louise Johannesson and Petros C. Mavroidis.)
- “The WTO Dispute Settlement Data Set: User’s Guide”, 2011. (With Petros C. Mavroidis.)
- “MEAs and the WTO: Silence Speaks Volumes”, 2011. (With Petros C. Mavroidis.)
- “To B(TA) or Not to B(TA)? On the Legality and Desirability of Border Tax Adjustments from a Trade Perspective”, FERDI, Paris, June 2011. World Economy, 34(11), 1911-1937, 2011. (With Petros C. Mavroidis.)
- “The Burden of Proof in Trade Disputes and the Environment”, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 62(1), 2011, 15–29. (Earlier version)
- “Trade Agreements as Endogenously Incomplete Contracts”, American Economic Review, 100(1), 2010, 394-419. (With Giovanni Maggi and Robert W. Staiger.) Reprinted in Bacchetta, Marc and Michele Ruta (eds.), The WTO, Subsidies and Countervail, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, and in Alan O. Sykes and James and Patricia Kowal (eds.), Economics of International Trade Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012.
- “On the Role of MEAs in the WTO: Legislators’ Silence Speaks Volumes”, ENTWINED Issue Brief No. 07, 2011. (With Petros C. Mavroidis.)
- “Beyond the WTO? An Anatomy of EU and US Preferential Trade Agreements”, Bruegel Blueprint Series Volume VII, 2009. (With Petros C. Mavroidis and André Sapir.) Shorter version in The World Economy 33(11), 1565-1588, 2010; in David Greenaway (ed.), The World Economy: Global Trade Policy 2010, 2011, Wiley-Blackwell, 223-246; and in Bagwell, Kyle W. and Petros C. Mavroidis (eds), Preferential Trade Agreements: Law, Policy, and Economics, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
- “Climate Change and the WTO: Legal Issues Concerning Border Tax Adjustments”, Japanese Yearbook of International Law 53, 2010, 19-40. (With Petros C. Mavroidis.) (Longer version)
- “Border Carbon Adjustments from a Trade Policy Perspective”, ENTWINED Issue Brief, 2010. (With Carolyn Fischer)
- “The Burden of Proof in Trade Disputes in the WTO: Legal aspects”, European Energy and Environmental Law Review 18(2), 2009. (With Petros C. Mavroidis)
- “Non-Discrimination”, forthcoming in K. Reinert and R. Rajan (eds), Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economy, Princeton University Press, 2009. (With Petros C. Mavroidis)
- “Winners and Losers in the Panel Stage of the WTO Dispute Settlement System”. In J. Trachtman (ed.) Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System, 2009. (With Hoekman, B. and P. C. Mavroidis)
- “The Permissible Reach of National Environmental Policies”, Journal of World Trade 42:6, December 2008. (With Petros C. Mavroidis)
- “Trading Profiles and Developing Country Participation in the WTO Dispute Settlement System”, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Issue Paper No. 6, December 2008. (With Joseph Francois and Niklas Kaunitz)