Labour economics: minimum wages, employment protection legislation, psychic disorders, labour market programmes.
Among the questions that Per Skedinger tries to answer with his research:
- Are payroll tax reductions for young workers employment-enhancing?
- What are the effects from collectively agreed minimum wages on employment and wage dynamics among marginal groups, such as young people and refugee immigrants?
- What are the effects of different components in employment protection legislation, like notice periods and seniority rules, on employment, worker mobility and wages?
- Can psychic disorders among young people be explained by their having difficulties on the labour market?
Employment Protection Reform, Enforcement in Collective Agreements and Worker Flows
Fredrik Heyman and Per Skedinger
Analysing the Effects of Employment Protection with a New Type of International Data
Empirical research on the effects of employment protection legislation has so far been based on mainly two types of data: (1) cross-country data, or (2) within-country data, using targeted policy reforms, assumed to affect a group of individuals or firms, but not other individuals or firms. A general problem with both of these approaches is that the legislation may be endogenous, which is likely to distort estimates of employment protection effects. The purpose of this project is to examine the effects of seniority rules on worker mobility and wages in different age groups, using linked employer-employee data for 150 firms operating in both Sweden and Finland. Units of the same firm located in the two countries meet similar macroeconomic conditions, but face different labour market regulations. A key difference is that seniority rules are laid down by law in Sweden, but not in Finland. Overall the rules related to employment protection are not very different. Focusing on units of the same firm operating in different countries offers a possibility to handle the methodological problems in the previous literature.
Collectively Agreed Minimum Wages
Very little is known about the complex minimum wage systems in the countries where minimum wages are set through collective bargaining between employers and unions, i.e., the Scandinavian countries, Austria, Germany, Italy and Switzerland. The aim of this project.is to provide information about the levels and differentiation of minimum wages in Sweden, examine the effects of minimum wages on employment, wage dynamics and other outcomes.