Bend it Like Beckham: Ethnic Identity and Integration

Reprint No. 2016:57

Author(s): Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves ZenouYear: 2016 Title: European Economic Review Volume (No.): 90 (November) Pages: 146–164
Online article (restrictions may apply)

We propose a theoretical framework to study the determinants of ethnic and religious identity along two distinct motivational processes: cultural distinction and cultural conformity. Under cultural conformity, ethnic identity is reduced by neighborhood integration, which weakens group loyalties and prejudices. On the contrary, under cultural distinction, ethnic minorities are more motivated in retaining their own distinctive cultural heritage the more integrated are the neighborhoods where they reside and work. Using data on ethnic preferences and attitudes provided by the Fourth National Survey of Ethnic Minorities in the UK we find evidence that might be consistent with intense ethnic and religious identity mostly formed as a cultural distinction mechanism. Consistently, we document that ethnic identities might be more intense in mixed than in segregated neighborhoods.

Bisin, Alberto, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou (2016), "Bend it Like Beckham: Ethnic Identity and Integration". European Economic Review 90(November), 146–164.

Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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