2017

Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity?

Reprint No. 2017:19

Author(s): Makan Amini, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik StrömstenYear: 2017 Title: Management Science Volume (No.): 63 (4) Pages: 1085–1096
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version


Failure to express minority views may distort the behavior of company boards, committees, juries, and other decision-making bodies. Devising a new experimental procedure to measure such conformity in a judgment task, we compare the degree of conformity in groups with varying gender composition. Overall, our experiments offer little evidence that gender composition affects expression of minority views. A robust finding is that a subject’s lack of ability predicts both a true propensity to accept others’ judgment (informational social influence) and a propensity to agree despite private doubt (normative social influence). Thus, as an antidote to conformity in our experiments, high individual ability seems more effective than group diversity.


Reference:
Amini, Makan, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik Strömsten (2017), "Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity?". Management Science 63(4), 1085–1096.

Mathias Ekström

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mathias.ekstrom@ifn.se

Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?

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