2017

What Aspects of Society Matter for the Quality of Life of a Minority? Global Evidence from the New Gay Happiness Index

Reprint No. 2017:31

Author(s): Niclas Berggren, Christian Bjørnskov and Therese NilssonYear: 2017 Title: Social Indicators Research Volume (No.): 132 (3) Pages: 1163–1192
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version


There is great variation in views on and treatment of minorities such as gay men across the world. We are the first to pinpoint what features of societies are beneficial to gay men’s quality of life by using a unique new cross-country dataset covering 110 countries, the Gay Happiness Index. It covers how gays perceive public opinion about them, how they experience behavior towards them and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our study is based on the premise that it is important to look at minority-specific effects of policies and institutions and not solely at the effects for the average citizen, as well as the transmission mechanisms through which policies and institutions affect life satisfaction. We find that factors such as equal legal rights for gay people, GDP per capita, democracy and globalization relate positively to the quality of life of gay men, primarily by shaping public opinion and behavior in a pro-gay direction. Religion (the shares of Muslims and Orthodox Christians) and living in a post-communist country tend to relate negatively to our quality of life indicators. Most of these factors have been shown to matter for the well-being of people in general as well, which may be taken to suggest that gay people benefit from being included in society—legally, socially and economically—on the same terms as others.


Reference:
Berggren, Niclas, Christian Bjørnskov and Therese Nilsson (2017), "What Aspects of Society Matter for the Quality of Life of a Minority? Global Evidence from the New Gay Happiness Index". Social Indicators Research 132(3), 1163–1192.

Niclas Berggren

Contact

Ph: +46 8 665 4520
niclas.berggren@ifn.se

Therese Nilsson

Contact

Ph: +46 46 222 4643
Mob: +46 73 396 7919
therese.nilsson@nek.l...

Christian Bjørnskov

Contact

Ph: +45 87 16 48 19
Mob: +45 20 12 03 84
chbj@econ.au.dk

An Agenda for Europe

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Omslag 2017 Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.jpg

The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.

Events

Seminars organized by IFN

 

To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se