290. Effekter på den svenska industristrukturen av EG 1992

Pontus Braunerhjelm

288. Direct Investment and Local Content Rules in the European Community

Thomas Andersson

This paper analyses the behaviour of competing governments in the EC with respect to inflows of direct investment. Solving a non-cooperative sequential bargaining game in which host countries gain from direct investment through tax revenue or imposition…

287. Government Failure: The Case of Global Environmental Mismanagement

Thomas Andersson

Pollution and polluters can move across national boundaries, but governments which seek to maximize social welfare should coordinate optimal environmental protection through transfer payments or commitments. However, governments may respond to political…

286. Innovationsstöd till företag: Stimulans eller slöseri?

Stefan Fölster

285. Sveriges val i ett integrerat Europa

Thomas Andersson

Den här rapporten analyserar Sveriges val mellan en optimal anpassning till EG och medlemskap med hänsyn till värdet av svenskt manöverutrymme respektive inflytande på EGs beslut. Vad gäller handelspolitiken kan Sverige i teorin vara mer öppet utanför EG,…

284. The EC and the Locational Choice of Swedish Multinational Companies

Birgitta Swedenborg

In a world with multinational companies (MNC's) changes such as those implied by the realization of EC's internal market will affect the locational choice made by geographically mobile MNC's outside the EC. The reason is that any change which affects the…

283. Identification of Barriers in International Trade under Imperfect Competition

Kari Alho

The paper provides a means of estimating, with a given parameter of conjectural variation, international trade barriers under imperfect competition from data on market shares of different countries and producers in various markets, number of exporting…

282. Trade Diversion in a Currency Union

Yrjäjä Tolonen

281. Intra Industry Specialisation, Trade Expansion and Adjustment in the European Economic Space

David Greenaway and Robert C. Hine

280. The 1992 Project from a Small Country Perspective

Jan Andersson

279. Effects of European Integration on Nordic Exports

Margarida Ponte Ferreira

278. International Trade in Services and Deregulation of Domestic Markets

Henryk Kierzkowski

277. The Process of Economic Integration in Europe: Consequences for EFTA Countries and Firms

Jan Fagerberg

This paper discusses the impact of the completion of the EC internal market on the competitive position of EFTA firms (and, hence, also on economic growth in EFTA countries). The discussion falls in three parts. First, the process of European economic…

276. Economic Gains from 1992: Some Notes on the Cecchini Report

Arne Melchior

275. Economic Integration, Inter- and Intra-Industry Trade: The Case of Sweden and the EC

Lars Lundberg

274. The Discipline of Imports in the Light of 1992: The Case of Sweden

Pär Hansson

The paper examines the constraint import competition imposes on the price-cost margins in Swedish manufacturing industries. It addresses two questions. Has the free trade agreement between the EC and EFTA reinforced the disciplinary effect of imports? Are…

273. EC Integration, the Quality of Information and Labor Mobility in Sweden

Per Lundborg

272. Comparative Advantage, Terms of Trade and Welfare Effects of European Integration: Some Preliminary Assessments

Jan I. Haaland

The paper presents a first attempt at assessing general equilibrium effects of 1992. Two kinds of general equilibrium effects are relevant: one (dampening) effect stemming from the common resource constraints, the other one related to the fact that the…

271. Macroeconomic Effects of European Integration on the Finnish Economy: A Simulation Study

Ari Lahti

The aim of this study is to discuss and to quantify the macroeconomic effects of further European integration on the countries outside the European Community. We use Finnish economy as an example in our quantitative analysis. However, for the most part of…

270. Measurable Dynamic Gains from Trade

Richard Baldwin

Productive factors such as human and physical capital are accumulated and trade can affect the steady-state levels of such factors. Consequently, trade liberalization will have dynamic effects on output and welfare as the economy moves to its new steady…

269. Den stora norrlandsutredningen vid IUI 1939-1948

Rolf Henriksson

Norrlandsutredningen intar en särställning i lUIs historia. Redan dess omfattning och varaktighet ger den en förstarangsplats bland institutets tidigaste utredningar. Tidvis svarade den för mer än hälften av dettas utredningsbudget och den pågick under…

268. Equilibrium in Search Models with Adverse Selection

James W. Albrecht and Susan B. Vroman.

This paper examines the problem of nonexistence of equilibrium in a simple search model with asymmetric information. A pure-strategy, symmetric Nash equilibrium fails to exist because adverse selection arising from steady-state considerations causes a…

267. Dual Labor Markets, Efficiency Wages, and Search

James W. Albrecht and Susan B. Vroman

265. Financial Institutions in a European Market for Executive Competence

Gunnar Eliasson

264. Business Competence, Organizational Learning and Economic Growth: Establishing the Smith-Schumpeter-Wicksell (SSW) Connection

Gunnar Eliasson

The firm is defined in terms of its financial objectives, achieved through human-based organizational competence, conferring scale economies on all other factors. Competence is developed through organizational learning, jointly produced with the value…

263. Modeling Economic Change and Restructuring: The Micro Foundations of Economic Expansion

Gunnar Eliasson

262. Deregulation, Innovative Entry and Structural Diversity as a Source of Stable and Rapid Economic Growth

Gunnar Eliasson

The importance of free innovative entry (deregulation) for diversity of structure and competition is studied. I demonstrate quantitatively that even with a narrow definition of entry (firms), and given observed entry behavior, successful entrants…

261. The MOSES PC Manual

Erol Taymaz

260. Vem får sjukpenning? En statistisk analys av sjukfrånvarons bestämningsfaktorer

Anders Björklund

259. The Effects of R&D Externalities in a Spatial Model

Jonas Häckner

This paper deals with the physical location of firms although other interpretations are also possible. It is a well-known fact that firms in certain industries tend to cluster. However, since you would expect competition to be more intense when goods are…

258. The Allocation of Time: Empirical Findings, Behavioural Models, and Problems of Measurement

F. Thomas Juster and Frank P. Stafford

257. Prissättning av telefonsamtal

Harald Lang and Stefan Lundgren

The paper addresses the question whether current tariffs for telecommunications services provided by the Swedish telecommunications company, Televerket (TVT), are optimal, second-best "Ramsey" prices. Focusing on two tariffs for…

256. The Knowledge Based Information Economy

Gunnar Eliasson, Stefan Fölster, Thomas Lindberg, Tomas Pousette and Erol Taymaz

Working Paper No. 256 is published as "The Knowledge Based Information Economy" (authors: Gunnar Eliasson, Stefan Fölster, Thomas Lindberg, Tomas Pousette and Erol Taymaz). Stockholm: Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research…

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