Working Paper No. 515

The Equilibrium Ownership of an International Oligopoly

Published: June 10, 1999Pages: 35Keywords: International mergers, Endogenous market structure, Tariff jumping FDIJEL-codes: F23, L13

The Equilibrium Ownership of an International Oligopoly Henrik Horn and Lars Persson

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is the dominant form of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), but has received but scarce attention in the theory literature on trade and investment. This paper highlights how the international pattern of ownership of productive assets may depend on features of trade and production costs. It suggests how high trade costs may be conductive to national ownership of assets, while international firms may arise at lower trade costs, contrary to what the "tariff jumping" argument would suggest. It also shows how private and social incentives for M&A may differ for weak merger synergies, but converge when synergies are stronger.

Henrik Horn


Ph: +46 8 665 4540

Lars Persson


Ph: +46 8 665 4504

Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

Sick of Inequality.jpg

In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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