Working Paper No. 644

Investment Liberalization - Why a Restrictive Cross-Border Merger Policy can be Counterproductive

Published: June 9, 2005Pages: 37Keywords: Investment Liberalization; Mergers & Acquisitions; Development; OwnershipJEL-codes: F23; K21; L13; O12

Investment Liberalization - Why a Restrictive Cross-Border Merger Policy can be Counterproductive Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson

Investment liberalizing countries are often concerned that cross-border mergers & acquisitions, in contrast to greenfield investments, might have an adverse effect on domestic firms and consumers. However, given that domestic assets are sufficiently scarce, we identify a preemption effect and an asset complementarity effect, which imply that the acquisition price is substantially higher than the domestic seller's profits. Moreover, we show that for the acquisition to take place, the MNE must be sufficiently efficient when using the domestic assets, otherwise rivals will expand their business, thereby making the acquisition unprofitable. Consequently, restricting cross-border M&As may also hurt consumers.


Pehr-Johan Norbäck


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Lars Persson


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Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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