Working Paper No. 781

Multinational Firms and Job Tasks

Published: December 22, 2008, revised June 2009 and October 2013Pages: 41Keywords: FDI; Cross-Border Acquisitions; Multinational Enterprises; Foreign Ownership; Job Tasks; Labor Demand; Skill GroupsJEL-codes: J23; F16; F21; F23
Published version

Multinational Firms and Job Tasks Katariina Nilsson Hakkala, Fredrik Heyman and Fredrik Sjöholm

We use Swedish matched employer-employee data to analyze the impact of multinational activity and foreign acquisitions on the relative demand for different job tasks. We contribute to the literature by using a conceptualization from the recent literature in international economics and define the division of labor in terms of job tasks. Our econometric results show that multinational firms, both foreign and domestic, are associated with higher shares of non-routine tasks and tasks requiring personal interaction than local firms. Moreover, acquisitions of local firms by both foreign and domestic MNEs tend to increase the relative demand for non-routine and interactive job tasks, i.e. tasks that are not easily offshored. As a comparison, dividing labor according to educational attainment does not capture the found effects on relative labor demand.

Fredrik Heyman


Ph: +46 8 665 4537

Fredrik Sjöholm


Ph: +46 46 222 74 26

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An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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