Working Paper No. 848

Completing the EU Customs Union. The Effects of Trade Procedure Harmonization

Published: August 24, 2010Pages: 17Keywords: Customs Union; Economic Integration; European Union; Time Delays; Trade Facilitation; Trade Procedures JEL-codes: C23; F15; O24
Published version

Completing the EU Customs Union. The Effects of Trade Procedure Harmonization Yves Bourdet and Maria Persson

A main component of custom unions is a common trade policy on imports from non-member countries. Trade policy covers both tariff and non-tariff barriers like trade procedures. We argue that since trade procedures vary markedly across EU countries, the EU is not, strictly speaking, a customs union. To illustrate this, we estimate the impact of trade procedures on exports from non-EU countries and find a highly statistically significant and negative effect. Simulating what the effects would be of harmonizing trade procedures, i.e. to actually complete the EU customs union, we find that aggregated exports to the EU would increase by 20 percent for the average exporter.

Maria Persson


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An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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