Working Paper No. 981

The Short- and Long-term Effects of School Choice on Student Outcomes — Evidence from a School Choice Reform in Sweden

Published: October 7, 2013Pages: 82Keywords: School choice; School competition; Treatment evaluation; Cognitive and non-cognitive skillsJEL-codes: I20; C21
Published version

The Short- and Long-term Effects of School Choice on Student Outcomes — Evidence from a School Choice Reform in Sweden Verena Wondratschek, Karin Edmark and Markus Frölich

This paper evaluates the effects of a major Swedish school choice reform. The reform in 1992 increased school choice and competition among public schools as well as through a large-scale introduction of private schools. We estimate the effects of school choice and competition, using precise geographical information on the locations of school buildings and children’s homes for the entire Swedish population for several cohorts affected at different stages in their educational career. We can measure the long-term effects up to age 25. We find that increased school choice had very small, but  positive, effects on marks at the end of compulsory schooling, but virtually zero effects on longer term outcomes such as university education, employment, criminal activity and health.



Karin Edmark


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Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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