Working Paper No. 1026

Global Engagement and the Occupational Structure of Firms

Published: May 27, 2014, revised May 2015Pages: 58Keywords: Occupational mix; Globalization; Multinational EnterprisesJEL-codes: F10; F20

Global Engagement and the Occupational Structure of Firms Carl Davidson, Fredrik Heyman, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu

Global engagement can impact firm organization and the occupations a firm needs. We examine the effect of globalization on occupational mix using Swedish data covering all firms and a sample of the labor force for 1997–2005. We find a robust relationship, with more globally engaged firms using a mix skewed toward skilled occupations. Moreover, firms have a more skill-intensive distribution when exporting to far away markets, or when exporting differentiated goods. The cross-firm difference in occupational mix and a higher share of skilled workers in higher-wage firms contributed to 19% of overall wage dispersion in 1997 and 26% in 2005.

Fredrik Heyman


Ph: +46 8 665 4537

Fredrik Sjöholm


Ph: +46 46 222 74 26

Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

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In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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