Working Paper No. 1030

Sweden’s School Choice Reform and Equality of Opportunity

Published: June 27, 2014Pages: 83Keywords: School choice; School competition; Treatment evaluation; Cognitive and non-cognitive skillsJEL-codes: I24; C21
Published version

Sweden’s School Choice Reform and Equality of Opportunity Karin Edmark, Markus Frölich and Verena Wondratschek

This study analyses whether the Swedish school choice reform, enacted in 1992, had different effects on students from different socio-economic backgrounds. We use detailed geographical data on students’ and schools’ locations to construct measures of the degree of potential choice. This allows us to study the effects of choice opportunities among public schools, whereas previous studies have focused on newly opened private schools. Our results suggest small positive or no effects of choice opportunities, depending on specification and outcome. We find no strong evidence of differences between subgroups; if anything, effects tend to be slightly more positive for disadvantaged groups, such as students from low-income families.  Taken together, the results indicate that students from a socio-economically disadvantaged or immigrant background were not harmed by the reform.

Karin Edmark


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Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

Sick of Inequality.jpg

In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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