Working Paper No. 1090

Did Africa’s First Choices Matter? Growth Legacies of Leaders at Independence

Published: October 12, 2015Pages: 53Keywords: Africa; Leaders; Institutions; DevelopmentJEL-codes: O11; O43; O55; P16

Did Africa’s First Choices Matter? Growth Legacies of Leaders at Independence Christina Mangaard Jørgensen and Christian Bjørnskov

We explore the potential effects of the first leaders of Sub-Saharan Africa. We first outline a set of theoretical reasons for why leaders may matter particularly at the critical juncture of African independence and why this influence may be persistent. In an unbalanced panel from 40 African countries observed since independence, we find evidence of strongly persistent effects of the education of African leaders. Only military coups seem able to break the persistent negative influence of this characteristic.

Christian Bjørnskov


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Sick of Inequality?

An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health

Sick of Inequality.jpg

In this book Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson, IFN and Lund University, and Daniel Waldenström, IFN and Paris School of Economics, France, review the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. What does inequality mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being?


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