Bracteates are thin, uni-faced coins that were struck with only one die. A piece of soft-material was placed under the flan, thereby creating a design of the obverse that can be seen as a mirror image on the reverse. Although these coins were very fragile, they dominated the coinage for 150-200 years in large parts of medieval Europe. This book is about the function of bracteates and how they can be linked to the evolution of coinage policies – especially re-coinage.
The overarching aim of the project Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law, led by the American Law Institute, is to contribute to the analysis of WTO law in not only law but also economics. This volume reports work done thus far to identify improvements to the interpretation of the Agreement.
This set of indispensable papers, with an original introduction by the editors, will prove an essential tool to researchers, scholars and practitioners involved in this field.
In this publication, Anders Johnson traces the development and activities of IFN since its inception in 1939 to the present.
At the end of the 1980s, a tri-polar world comprising the US, EU and Japan emerged. However, the economic turbulence of the early 21st century has destabilized this order, and the rise of other Asian powers has implications for the formation of a new economic configuration.
This book brings together the 2010 output of the American Law Institute (ALI) project on World Trade Organization law. Each chapter focuses on a different dispute from the adjudicating bodies of the WTO.
This essential single volume, along with an original introduction by the editors, will be of great interest to researchers and students of management, entrepreneurship and economics and practitioners in these fields.
This book brings together the 2009 output of the American Law Institute (ALI) project on World Trade Organization law. Each chapter focuses on a different dispute from the adjudicating bodies of the WTO.
How and why are firms created, expanded and terminated by entrepreneurs in the knowledge intensive economy? The authors show these entrepreneurship processes are firmly embedded in a given social and economic context, that shapes the process by which some individuals discover entrepreneurial opportunities, creating new firms that sometimes grow to remarkable size, but more often stay mundane or eventually exit.
Den forskningslitteratur som studerar vilken påverkan den offentliga sektorns storlek har på den ekonomiska tillväxten förefaller vid första påseende att utmärkas av att resultaten pekar i olika riktningar och att det därför knappast går att dra några klara ekonomisk-politiska slutsatser.
This 2010 book brings together the 2008 output of the American Law Institute (ALI) project on World Trade Organization Law. Each chapter focuses on a different dispute from the adjudicating bodies of the WTO.
Vad säger forskningen om effekterna av olika komponenter i anställningsskyddet, såsom turordningsregler, ensidigt underlättande av tidsbegränsade anställningar och möjligheterna att avvika från lagens bokstav i den praktiska tillämpningen? Hur påverkas olika grupper på arbetsmarknaden och olika typer av företag av anställningsskyddet?
Swedish monetary and financial history is fascinating yet perplexing. The authors of this book - economic historians from the universities of Göteborg, Lund, and Stockholm, in co-operation with Sveriges Riksbank - present new data concerning the long-term evolution of monetary units, exchange rates, consumer prices and wages in the second millennium. In this period the Swedish monetary system has changed significantly but there are also similarities that span centuries.