2011

Government Size and Growth: A Survey and Interpretation

Särtryck nr 2011:36

Författare: Andreas Bergh och Magnus HenreksonÅr: 2011 Publikation: Journal of Economic Surveys Årgång (nr): 25 (5) Sidor: 872–897
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)


The literature on the relationship between the size of government and economic growth is full of seemingly contradictory findings. This conflict is largely explained by variations in definitions and the countries studied. An alternative approach – of limiting the focus to studies of the relationship in rich countries, measuring government size as total taxes or total expenditure relative to GDP and relying on panel data estimations with variation over time – reveals a more consistent picture. The most recent studies find a significant negative correlation: an increase in government size by 10 percentage points is associated with a 0.5% to 1% lower annual growth rate. We discuss efforts to make sense of this correlation, and note several pitfalls involved in giving it a causal interpretation. Against this background, we discuss two explanations of why several countries with high taxes seem able to enjoy above average growth. One hypothesis is that countries with higher social trust levels are able to develop larger government sectors without harming the economy. Another explanation is that countries with large governments compensate for high taxes and spending by implementing market-friendly policies in other areas. Both explanations are supported by ongoing research.


Referens:
Bergh, Andreas och Magnus Henrekson (2011), "Government Size and Growth: A Survey and Interpretation". Journal of Economic Surveys 25(5), 872–897.

Andreas Bergh

Kontakt

Mobil: 070 779 0734
andreas.bergh@ifn.se

Magnus Henrekson

Kontakt

Tel: 08 665 4502
magnus.henrekson@ifn.se

Aktuell forskare

Niclas Berggren

Forskningsområden: Institutionell och politisk ekonomi; tillit, tolerans och religion; skönhetens betydelse i politiken.

Några av de frågor Niclas Berggren försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Hur påverkar t.ex. tillit, tolerans och religion ekonomins funktionssätt?
  • Finns det ett samband mellan graden av marknadsekonomi och sociala variabler (som tillit och tolerans)?

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