2012

Tolerance and Growth: Modeling the Empirical Relationship

Särtryck nr 2012:47

Författare: Niclas Berggren och Mikael ElinderÅr: 2012 Publikation: Public Choice Årgång (nr): 153 (3-4) Sidor: 495–502
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)


We showed, in Berggren and Elinder (2012), that tolerance toward homosexuals is negatively and quite robustly related to economic growth. In a comment, Bornhoff and Lee (this issue) question this finding on model-specification grounds. By undertaking three changes, they purport to show that our main result does not hold. In this article, we demonstrate that one of these changes is inconsequential (replacing GDP per capita by its logarithm in controlling for conditional convergence) and argue that two of them are questionable. First, the removal of certain central control variable risks introducing omitted variable bias and inconsistent estimates. Second, regional dummy variables are added on arbitrary grounds. For example, by using regional dummy variables that are just as reasonable as the Baltic dummy used by Bornhoff and Lee, we find that significance for tolerance toward homosexuals reappears in our empirical model. In all, this implies that there are good grounds for considering the negative relationship between tolerance towards homosexuals and growth valid, Bornhoff and Lee’s claims notwithstanding.
 


Referens:
Berggren, Niclas och Mikael Elinder (2012), "Tolerance and Growth: Modeling the Empirical Relationship ". Public Choice 153(3-4), 495–502.

Niclas Berggren

Kontakt

Tel: 08 665 45 20
niclas.berggren@ifn.se

Mikael Elinder

Kontakt

Tel: 018 4711637
Mobil: 0707 690976
mikael.elinder@ifn.se

Aktuell forskare

Niclas Berggren

Forskningsområden: Institutionell och politisk ekonomi; tillit, tolerans och religion; skönhetens betydelse i politiken.

Några av de frågor Niclas Berggren försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Hur påverkar t.ex. tillit, tolerans och religion ekonomins funktionssätt?
  • Finns det ett samband mellan graden av marknadsekonomi och sociala variabler (som tillit och tolerans)?

IFN kalendarium

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Grevgatan 34 - 2 tr, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Tel: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se