2014

Multinational Firms, Acquisitions and Job Tasks

Särtryck nr 2014:9

Författare: Katariina Nilsson Hakkala, Fredrik Heyman och Fredrik SjöholmÅr: 2014 Publikation: European Economic Review Årgång (nr): 66 (February) Sidor: 248–265
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)
Preliminär version


We revisit the question how inward FDI and multinational ownership affect relative labor demand. Motivated by the recent literature that distinguish between skills and tasks, we argue that the impact of multinational and foreign ownership on the demand for labor is better captured by focusing on job tasks rather than education. We use Swedish matched employer–employee data and find that changes of local firms to both foreign and Swedish multinationals increase the relative demand for non-routine and interactive job tasks in the targeted local firms. Hence, in a high-income country, both inward and outward FDI have a task upgrading impact on local firms. The effect is primarily driven by wage effects leading to increased wage dispersion for workers with different non-routine and interactive task intensity. We also show that the effect is not the same as skill upgrading since dividing employees by educational attainment does not capture changes in the relative labor demand. Hence, our results suggest a new aspect of the labor market consequences of FDI.


Referens:
Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina, Fredrik Heyman och Fredrik Sjöholm (2014), "Multinational Firms, Acquisitions and Job Tasks". European Economic Review 66(February), 248–265.

Fredrik Heyman

Kontakt

Tel: 08 665 4537
fredrik.heyman@ifn.se

Fredrik Sjöholm

Kontakt

Tel: 046 222 74 26
fredrik.sjoholm@nek.l...

Aktuell forskare

Carl-Magnus Bjuggren

Forskningsområden: Arbetsmarknadsekonomi, familjeföretag och entreprenörskap.

Några av de frågor Carl-Magnus Bjuggren försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Hur påverkas företagens produktivitet av anställningsskydd?
  • Hur påverkas löner och anställningstrygghet av familjeägande?

IFN kalendarium

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Grevgatan 34 - 2 tr, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Tel: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se