2014

Trust, Welfare States and Income Equality: Sorting out the Causality

Särtryck nr 2014:43

Författare: Andreas Bergh och Christian BjørnskovÅr: 2014 Publikation: European Journal of Political Economy Årgång (nr): 35 (September) Sidor: 183–199
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)
Preliminär version


The cross-country correlation between social trust and income equality is well documented, but few studies examine the direction of causality. We show theoretically that by facilitating cooperation, trust may lead to more equal outcomes, while the feedback from inequality to trust is ambiguous. Using a structural equation model estimated on a large country sample, we find that trust has a positive effect on both market and net income equality. Larger welfare states lead to higher net equality but neither net income equality nor welfare state size seems to have a causal effect on trust. We conclude that while trust facilitates welfare state policies that may reduce net inequality, this decrease in inequality does not increase trust.


Referens:
Bergh, Andreas och Christian Bjørnskov (2014), "Trust, Welfare States and Income Equality: Sorting out the Causality". European Journal of Political Economy 35(September), 183–199.

Andreas Bergh

Kontakt

Mobil: 070 779 0734
andreas.bergh@ifn.se

Christian Bjørnskov

Kontakt

Tel: +45 87 16 48 19
Mobil: +45 20 12 03 84
chbj@econ.au.dk

Aktuell forskare

Henrik Jordahl

Forskningsområden: Skattefinansierade tjänster, privatiseringar samt väljarbeteende.

Några av de frågor Henrik Jordahl försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Vad förklarar valet mellan offentlig och privat tjänsteproduktion?
  • Hur påverkar detta val tjänsternas kostnader och kvalitet?

IFN kalendarium

  • 18
    Aug

    IFN-forskare till konferens i Tokyo

    Externa aktiviteter

    Henrik Jordahl, Martin Olsson, Niclas Berggren, Lovisa Persson, Daniel Waldenström, Åsa Hansson och Karin Edmark

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Grevgatan 34 - 2 tr, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Tel: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se