2016

Gender Quotas and Women's Political Leadership

Särtryck nr 2016:22

Författare: Diana Z. O'brien och Johanna RickneÅr: 2016 Publikation: American Political Science Review Årgång (nr): 110 (1) Sidor: 112–126
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)
Preliminär version


Though more than 100 countries have adopted gender quotas, the effects of these reforms on women's political leadership are largely unknown. We exploit a natural experiment—a 50–50 quota imposed by the national board of the Swedish Social Democratic Party on 290 municipal branches—to examine quotas’ influence on women's selection to, and survival in, top political posts. We find that those municipalities where the quota had a larger impact became more likely to select (but not reappoint) female leaders. Extending this analysis, we show that the quota increased the number of women perceived as qualified for these positions. Our findings support the notion that quotas can have an acceleration effect on women's representation in leadership positions, particularly when they augment the pool of female candidates for these posts. These results help dispel the myth that quotas trade short-term gains in women's descriptive representation for long-term exclusion from political power.


Referens:
O'brien, Diana Z. och Johanna Rickne (2016), "Gender Quotas and Women's Political Leadership". American Political Science Review 110(1), 112–126.

Johanna Rickne

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Mobil: 070 433 7388
johanna.rickne@ifn.se

Aktuell forskare

Niclas Berggren

Forskningsområden: Institutionell och politisk ekonomi; tillit, tolerans och religion; skönhetens betydelse i politiken.

Några av de frågor Niclas Berggren försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Hur påverkar t.ex. tillit, tolerans och religion ekonomins funktionssätt?
  • Finns det ett samband mellan graden av marknadsekonomi och sociala variabler (som tillit och tolerans)?

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