2016

Electoral Competition and Gender Differences in Political Careers

Särtryck nr 2016:27

Författare: Olle Folke och Johanna RickneÅr: 2016 Publikation: Quarterly Journal of Political Science Årgång (nr): 11 (1) Sidor: 59–102
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)


This paper analyzes the role of competition between political parties for the promotion and turnover of social minorities in party organizations. We collect extensive and reliable panel data for the career trajectories of all Swedish politicians in 290 municipal councils over 20 years (N=35,000). We argue that political competition pushes local parties to promote the best individual, which in turn improves gender equality at the top. This finds strong support in the empirical analysis. Heightened competition is associated with smaller gender gaps in re-election, retention on the electoral ballot, and promotions to top positions. An extended analysis shows that variation in the qualifications and family structures of male and female politicians cannot account for these results. As a more plausible mechanism, the analysis suggests that parties have nomination processes that are less centralized and more focused on competence as a selection criteria when competition is fierce.


Referens:
Folke, Olle och Johanna Rickne (2016), "Electoral Competition and Gender Differences in Political Careers". Quarterly Journal of Political Science 11(1), 59–102.

Johanna Rickne

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Mobil: 070 433 7388
johanna.rickne@ifn.se

Olle Folke

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Mobil: 070 367 0242
olle.folke@statsvet.u...

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Carl-Magnus Bjuggren

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