2017

Explaining the Labor Market Gaps between Immigrants and Natives in the OECD

Särtryck nr 2017:23

Författare: Andreas BerghÅr: 2017 Publikation: Migration Letters Årgång (nr): 14 (2) Sidor: 243–254
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)
Preliminär version


In most OECD-countries immigrants have lower employment and higher unemployment than natives. The gap in labor market outcomes is larger in countries with more immigrant friendly attitudes. This paper suggests that in countries where labor market institutions are less competitive, native workers face less direct wage competition from immigration. As a result, the general population is more immigrant-friendly and income inequality is dampened. On the other hand, employment among immigrants suffers, thwarting the potential economic benefits from immigration. Empirical analysis of 19–28 OECD countries using Bayesian model averaging to cope with the model selection problem, provide support for the relevance of labor market institutions against other plausible explanations of immigrant labor market outcomes. In particular, the unemployment gap is bigger in countries where collective bargaining agreements cover a larger share of the labor market.


Referens:
Bergh, Andreas (2017), "Explaining the Labor Market Gaps between Immigrants and Natives in the OECD". Migration Letters 14(2), 243–254.

Andreas Bergh

Kontakt

Mobil: 070 779 0734
andreas.bergh@ifn.se

Aktuell forskare

Martin Ljunge

Forskningsområden: Socialekonomi, offentlig ekonomi och arbetsmarknadsekonomi.

Några av de frågor Martin Ljunge försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Hur påverkar tillit individers hälsa och välstånd?
  • Har välfärdsstaten långsiktiga effekter på beteenden?

IFN kalendarium

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Grevgatan 34 - 2 tr, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Tel: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se