2017

The Impact of Stress on Tournament Entry

Särtryck nr 2017:26

Författare: Thomas Buser, Anna Dreber och Johanna MöllerströmÅr: 2017 Publikation: Experimental Economics Årgång (nr): 20 (2) Sidor: 506–530
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)


Individual willingness to enter competitive environments predicts career choices and labor market outcomes. Meanwhile, many people experience competitive contexts as stressful. We use two laboratory experiments to investigate whether factors related to stress can help explain individual differences in tournament entry. Experiment 1 studies whether stress responses (measured as salivary cortisol) to taking part in a mandatory tournament predict individual willingness to participate in a voluntary tournament. We find that competing increases stress levels. This cortisol response does not predict tournament entry for men but is positively and significantly correlated with choosing to enter the tournament for women. In Experiment 2, we exogenously induce physiological stress using the cold-pressor task. We find a positive causal effect of stress on tournament entry for women but no effect for men. Finally, we show that although the effect of stress on tournament entry differs between the genders, stress reactions cannot explain the well-documented gender difference in willingness to compete.


Referens:
Buser, Thomas, Anna Dreber och Johanna Möllerström (2017), "The Impact of Stress on Tournament Entry". Experimental Economics 20(2), 506–530.

Aktuell forskare

Henrik Jordahl

Forskningsområden: Skattefinansierade tjänster, privatiseringar samt väljarbeteende.

Några av de frågor Henrik Jordahl försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Vad förklarar valet mellan offentlig och privat tjänsteproduktion?
  • Hur påverkar detta val tjänsternas kostnader och kvalitet?

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