2006–2010

How Important is Access to Jobs? Old Question – Improved Answer

Särtryck nr 2010:16

Författare: Olof Åslund, John Östh och Yves ZenouÅr: 2010 Publikation: Journal of Economic Geography Årgång (nr): 10 (3) Sidor: 389–422
Artikeln online (behörighet kan krävas)


We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to obtain exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990–1991 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990–1991 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. Considering that the 1999 employment rate was 43% among the refugees, this is a considerable effect. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.


Referens:
Åslund, Olof, John Östh och Yves Zenou (2010), "How Important is Access to Jobs? Old Question – Improved Answer". Journal of Economic Geography 10(3), 389–422.

Aktuell forskare

Henrik Jordahl

Forskningsområden: Skattefinansierade tjänster, privatiseringar samt väljarbeteende.

Några av de frågor Henrik Jordahl försöker besvara i sin forskning:

  • Vad förklarar valet mellan offentlig och privat tjänsteproduktion?
  • Hur påverkar detta val tjänsternas kostnader och kvalitet?

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