There is diverging empirical evidence on the competitive effects of horizontal mergers: consumer prices (and thus presumably competitors’ profits) often rise while competitors’ share prices fall. Our model of endogenous mergers provides a possible reconciliation. It is demonstrated that anti-competitive mergers may reduce competitors’ share prices, if the merger announcement informs the market that the competitors lost a race to buy the target. Also the use of ‘first rumour’ as an event may create similar problems of interpretation. We also indicate how the event-study methodology may be adapted to identify competitive effects and thus the welfare consequences for consumers.
Fridolfsson, Sven-Olof och Johan Stennek (2010),
"Industry Concentration and Welfare: On the Use of Stock Market Evidence from Horizontal Mergers".