Working Paper No. 587

Improving the Performance of the European Social Model – The Welfare State over the Life Cycle

Publicerad: January 2, 2003Antal sidor: 31Nyckelord: Social Policies; Welfare State; Labour Market; Family Structure; PreferencesJEL-koder: H00; H40; H50

Improving the Performance of the European Social Model – The Welfare State over the Life Cycle Assar Lindbeck


The achievements of social-welfare arrangements in Western Europe are well known: considerable income security, relatively little poverty and, in some countries, ample supply of social services. But there are also well-known weaknesses and hence considerable scope for improvement. Three types of weaknesses are considered in this paper: social-welfare arrangements are often not financially robust to shocks; individuals make undesirable behavioural adjustments in response to welfare-state arrangements and their finan­cing; and social-welfare arrangements are often poorly adapted to recent changes in socio-economic conditions and preferences of individuals. I discuss these weaknesses, and alternative methods to mitigate them, in the context of various types of welfare-state arrangements that the individual may encounter over the life cycle.

 

Assar Lindbeck

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Flyget och företagen

 

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Shon Ferguson, IFN, och Rikard Forslid, Stockholms universitet, har forskar om flygets betydelse för näringslivet.

Forskarna visar att inrikes direktlinjer till Stockholm är viktiga för tillverkningsindustrin i kommunerna utanför de tre storstadsregionerna och att internationella direktlinjer är särskilt betydelsefulla för tjänstesektorn.

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