Generell information

EEAG report 2019: Why is Italy lagging behind? While Sweden broke out of the decline

European lesson to be learned


Öppna seminarier

This year’s EEAG report discusses (chapter 2) the fact that Italy and Sweden in the early 1990s basically had the same per capita income levels. But in contrast to Italy, Sweden and some other countries managed via structural reforms to break out of relative decline. While Italy is still fighting to get back on track. The causes of the Italian problems are discussed in the report, from an economic and an EU perspective.


From left: Giuseppe Bertola, Karolina Ekholm, Mauro Gozzo and Lars Persson.


“The 1992 Single Market Program, and globally, the end of the Cold War fostered trade integration with China and other developing countries. At about the same time the World Wide Web and the first GSM mobile networks were switched on, and information technology began to be broadly adopted. These European and global developments affected all countries, but Italy appears to either have been hit more negatively or, and more interestingly, to have reacted less appropriately.”

The report explains that “while the specific reforms details are country-specific, they share a focus on the need to restore competitiveness – and more broadly strengthen the private sector.” And, writes the authors, “all should be aware that finding ways to share gains and losses helps avoid stalemates and adapt to change”.

Giuseppe Bertola, Professor of Political Economy, University of Turin, is one of the authors of this years report. He will present the report and be part of a panel discussing what we can learn from Italy. In the discussion he will be joined by:

  • Karolina Ekholm, Professor, former Deputy Governor at the Sveriges Riksbank and former State Secretary to Minister for Finance Magdalena Andersson.

  • Mauro Gozzo, Economist and Chairman of Industrins Ekonomiska Råd.

Professor Lars Persson, IFN, will moderate the discussion.


March 19, at 9.00–10.00 am; registration and coffee starts at 8.30.


IFN, Grevgatan 34, Stockholm


Registration no later than March 14, 2019. The seminar is free of charge, though by cancellation after 17 March 2019, an administrative fee of SEK 200 will apply.

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Grevgatan 34 - 2 tr, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Tel: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 |