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International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business

Using Self–employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats

Scientific Article in English
Reference
Bjuggren, Carl Magnus, Dan Johansson and Mikael Stenkula (2012). “Using Self–employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats”. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 77(3), 290–303.

Authors
Carl Magnus Bjuggren, Dan Johansson, Mikael Stenkula

Self-employment is the most frequently used measure of entrepreneurship. However, its definition varies between countries, which makes comparisons difficult. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data and show that even within one country, the depicted development differs greatly depending on the source used. Unlike previous claims in cross-country studies, we find that there is no basis for categorising Sweden as having increased its self-employment rate more than others. This demonstrates a need to carefully specify the characteristics of the data, and their advantages and disadvantages, before drawing conclusions about the frequency of entrepreneurship in different countries.