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North American Journal of Economics and Finance

Stock Market Impact of Cross–Border Acquisitions in Emerging Markets

Scientific Article in English
Reference
Norbäck, Pehr-Johan and Lars Persson (2019). “Stock Market Impact of Cross–Border Acquisitions in Emerging Markets”. North American Journal of Economics and Finance 48, 346–363. doi.org/10.1016/j.najef.2019.02.011

Authors
Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Lars Persson

Entry by multinational enterprises (MNEs) into emerging markets has increased substantially over the last decades. Many of these MNE entries have taken place in concentrated markets. To capture these features, we construct a strategic interaction model of MNE cross-border acquisition and greenfield entry into an oligopolistic market. In particular, we provide an event study framework suitable to derive predictions for the stock market values of MNE entries. We show that share values of acquirers will increase when an acquisition is announced if and only if the domestic assets are not too strategically important or when bidding competition is not too stiff. Extending the analysis to the case where there is risk associated with cross-border M&As, we show that such risks reduce the likelihood and the acquisition price of cross-border M&As. These mechanisms provide an explanation for why acquirers tend to overperform when acquiring in emerging markets but underperform when acquiring in developed markets. We also explain why the shareholders of targets firms in emerging markets may benefit from not selling their firms too early in the development phase.

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

+46 (0)8 665 4522
+46 (0)73 574 3379
pehr-johan.norback@ifn.se