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Travail et emploi

Globalization, Job Tasks and the Demand for Different Occupations

Scientific Article in English
Reference
Heyman, Fredrik and Fredrik Sjöholm (2019). “Globalization, Job Tasks and the Demand for Different Occupations”. Travail et emploi (157), 67–92. doi.org/10.4000/travailemploi.8962

Authors
Fredrik Heyman, Fredrik Sjöholm

Globalization has increased in recent decades, resulting in structural changes of production and labor demand. This paper examines how the increased global engagement of firms affects the structure of the workforce. We find that the aggregate distribution of occupations in Sweden has become more skilled between 1997 and 2013. Moreover, firms with a high degree of international orientation have a relatively skilled distribution of occupations and firms with low international orientation have a relatively unskilled distribution of occupations. High- and low-skilled occupations have increased in importance whereas middle-skilled occupations have declined with a resulting job polarization. We also discuss and analyze the role played by new technology and automatization.