We study the relationship between adult education and training (AET) and employment in Sweden. Exploiting rich data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, and using an inverse-probability weighted regression-adjustment estimator, we find that AET is positively related to the probability of doing paid work. This relationship is driven by non-formal, job-related AET, such as on-the-job training. We also find that the relationship – the strength of which increases with training intensity – is similar across different types of non-formal, job-related AET. The results suggest that policies stimulating relevant AET take-up have promise to secure higher employment.
Lifelong Learning and Employment Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden