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Working Paper No. 1354

Globalization, Recruitments, and Job Mobility

Working Paper
Davidson, Carl, Fredrik Heyman, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm and Susan Chun Zhu (2020). “Globalization, Recruitments, and Job Mobility”. IFN Working Paper No. 1354. Stockholm: Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).

Carl Davidson, Fredrik Heyman, Steven Matusz, Fredrik Sjöholm, Susan Chun Zhu

Previous research indicates that firms pay a premium to poach workers from exporting firms if experience working for an internationally engaged firm reduces trade costs. Since international experience is less valuable to non-exporters, we would expect to see differences in recruitments between firms that are internationally engaged and those that serve only the domestic market. Moreover, increased openness might lead to higher job-to-job mobility if more globalization raises both the share of exporters and the number of workers with skills that make them attractive for other exporters. Using linked Swedish employer-employee data for the period 1997-2013, we do find systematic differences between the way exporters and non-exporters recruit workers: exporters have a relatively high share of recruitments from other exporters as hypothesized. We also find some suggestive evidence that increased openness correlates positively with upward mobility for occupations that play a major role in international commerce, such as professionals and managers.