About IFN

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2001−2016

High research productivity is crucial for IFN's success. With few exceptions, all IFN research is first published in the IFN Working Paper Series. Yet the true quality of a specific research paper cannot be determined until it has been suitably published (in a journal, collective volume, or as a research monograph). Eventually, an unpublished Working Paper is usually of little value.

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But judging research is not easy. There are many different types of publishing channels that have to be weighed against each other. Ideally, IFN research is published in the highest-ranked peer-reviewed journals of economics possible. This requires a great degree of originality, craft, and accuracy, but also the presentation of articles at leading international conferences and seminars to make one’s research known among the foremost researchers in the field.

How should research output be measured? Citations are most frequently used, but is it necessarily true that the most (least) cited research is also the best (worst) research? Can we assume that all important research results are published in refereed journals or should we also include monographs, book chapters, and textbooks? Is it sufficient to evaluate research based on which journal an article is published in or how many citations it gets? How do we handle the fact that many more articles are published in some subdisciplines and hence get more citations? How do we assess a researcher who has published one short article in a top-ranked journal relative to a researcher with several frequently cited articles in field journals of relatively low rank? How do we handle problems arising from changes in journal rankings and overall competition? Should we give weight to impact outside academia, such as on policymaking or the policy debate?

The measures chosen signal what type of research is valued. The shortcomings and caveats of a particular measure may be discussed and due caution requested, but in practice such provisos tend to be largely overlooked. In the end, the raw number remains. Researchers gradually become increasingly aware of what is measured—which, in turn, results in a strong tendency to do what is measured. Several dimensions are involved: the choice of topic, method, preferred publication outlet, etc. Hence, the very choice of measure may inadvertently become an important determinant of what research is done, and these effects are unlikely to be transitory. This tendency is reinforced if universities, departments, and research councils use a certain metric when making decisions about hiring, promotion, and the allocation of funds (Holcombe 2004; Oswald 2007).


Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2001–2015

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2005−2014

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2004–2013

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2003−2012

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2002–2011

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2001−2010

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2000−2009

Measuring Research Performance at IFN: 2000−2008

An Agenda for Europe

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Omslag 2017 Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship.jpg

The authors of this book, Niklas Elert, Magnus Henrekson and Mikael Stenkula, advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal.

International cooperation

Visiting researchers

Collaborating with others is essential for IFN as a research institute. Our researchers co-author articles with colleagues from other institutes, and many also teach at various universities and colleges.

As part of our extensive program of guest researchers, leading international researchers visit the institute. The visitors present and pursue their research as well as interact and cooperate with researchers at IFN.

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Global Award

Research on entrepreneurship




The Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is the foremost global award for research on entrepreneurship.This Prize is awarded annually with a prize sum of EUR 100,000.

IFN in cooperation with Entreprenörskapsforum and Vinnova are the principals of the award, in cooperation with the donor, Stockholms Köpmansklubb.

Professor Olav Sorenson, Yale, is the winner of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research 2018. He will receive the award at a ceremony on May 14, 2018, in Stockholm.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se