Affiliated researchers

Carl Magnus Bjuggren

Assistant Professor

Some of the questions that Carl Magnus Bjuggren tries to answer with his research:

  • How is firm productivity affected by employment protection? 
  • Do family firms react differently with regards to industry sales shocks and employee compensation?
  • How does family ownership influence firm growth?


Bjuggren, C. M., and Elert, N. (2019). "Gender Differences in Optimism", Applied Economics, 51(47): 5160-5173.

Bjuggren, C. M. (2018). "Employment Protection and Labor Productivity", Journal of Public Economics, 157: 138-157.

Bjuggren, C. M. (2015). "Sensitivity to Shocks and Implicit Employment Protection in Family Firms", Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 119(C): 18-31.  

Anyadike-Danes, M., Bjuggren, C. M., Gottschalk, S., Hölzl, W., Johansson, D.,  Maliranta, M., and Myrann, A. (2015). "An International Cohort Comparison of Size Effects on Job Growth", Small Business Economics, 44(4): 821-844.

Bjuggren, C. M., Daunfeldt, S-O., and Johansson, D. (2013). "High-Growth Firms and Family Ownership", Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 26(4): 365-385.

Bjuggren, C. M., Johansson, D., and Stenkula, M. (2012). “Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats”, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 17(3): 290-303.

Bjuggren, C. M., Johansson, D., and Sjögren, H. (2011). “A Note on Employment and Gross Domestic Product in Swedish Family-Owned Businesses: A Descriptive Analysis”, Family Business Review, 24(4): 362 –371. 

Heshmati, A., Johansson, D., and Bjuggren, C. M. (2010). ”Effective Corporate Tax Rates and the Size Distribution of Firms”, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 10(3-4): 297-317.

Working Papers

Bjuggren, C. M., and Skedinger, P. (2018). "Does Job Security Hamper Employment Prospects?", IFN Working Paper No 1255.

Bjuggren, C. M., and Henrekson, M. (2018). "Female Self-Employment: Prevalence and Performance Effects of Having a High-Income Spouse", IFN Working Paper No 1200. 

Anyadike-Danes, M., Bjuggren, C. M., Dumont, M., Gottschalk, S., Hölzl, W., Johansson, D.,  Maliranta, M., Myrann, A., Nielsen, K., and Zheng, G. (2018). "An International Comparison of the Contribution to Job Creation by High-Grotwth Firms", IFN Working Paper No 1216.

Publications without peer review

Bjuggren, C. M., Olsson, M., and Skedinger, P. (2018), "Turordningsregler – lagstiftning med konsekvenser eller spel för gallerierna?". Ekonomisk Debatt 46(3), 5–16.

Bjuggren, C. M., and Johansson, D. (2009). "Privat och offentlig sysselsättning i Sverige 1950-2005", [Private and Public Employment in Sweden 1950-2005], Ekonomisk Debatt, 37(1): 41-53.

Carl Magnus Bjuggren




Carl Magnus Bjuggren received his Ph.D. in economics in 2013 from Linköping University. His dissertation is a study of firm dynamics, family ownership, and employment protection. It addresses the implications of employment protection on firm productivity and how family owned firms react differently with regards to economic shocks and employee compensation. Carl Magnus was a research faculty member at IFN between 2013 and 2019. He was appointed Assistant Professor at University of Memphis in August 2019.  




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The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, IFN, is a private and independent foundation devoted to pursuing highly relevant research for trade and industry.

The researchers at IFN are united in their belief that economic methods offer a powerful tool for understanding society.

The main research programs are:

  1. economics of entrepreneurship
  2. globalization and corporate restructuring
  3. economics of the service sector
  4. economics of the electricity markets
  5. economics of institutions and culture.

Global Award

Research on entrepreneurship




The Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is the foremost global award for research on entrepreneurship.This Prize is awarded annually with a prize sum of EUR 100,000.

IFN in cooperation with Entreprenörskapsforum and Vinnova are the principals of the award, in cooperation with the donor, Lars Backsell.

Professor Boyan Jovanovic, New York University, is the winner of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research 2019. 

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