Research faculty

Niclas Berggren

Associate Professor, Program Director

Among the questions that Niclas Berggren tries to answer with his research:

  • How do cultural variables (like trust, tolerance and religion) affect the way the economy functions?
  • Is there a relationship between the degree to which an economy is market-oriented and cultural variables (like trust and tolerance)?
  • Does the cultural background of immigrants help explain labor-market integration?


New research

Economic Freedom and Antisemitism Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson

Two new book chapters during 2020

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2020). ”Institutions and Life Satisfaction”. In Zimmermann, Klaus F. (Ed.), Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics. Cham: Springer: 1-48. Link.

Berggren, Niclas and Nilsson, Therese (2020). ”Economic Freedom as a Driver of Trust and Tolerance”. In Gwartney, James, Lawson, Robert, Hall, Joshua och Murphy, Ryan (Eds.), Economic Freedom of the World: 2020 Annual Report. Vancouver: Fraser Institute: 187-211. Link.


Publications in peer-reviewed journals

Berggren, Niclas and Nilsson, Therese (2021). "Economic Freedom and Antisemitism". Journal of Institutional Economics, 17(2): 289-304. Link.

Berggren, Niclas and Ljunge, Martin (2021). ”Good Faith and Bad Health: Self-Assessed Religiosity and Self-Assessed Health of Women and Men in Europe”. Social Indicators Research, 153(1): 323-344. Link.

Gouveia, Filipe, Nilsson, Therese and Berggren, Niclas (2020). "Religiosity and Discrimination against Same-Sex Couples: The Case of Portugal’s Rental Market.” Journal of Housing Economics, 50(December): 101729. Link.

Berggren, Niclas, Bergh, Andreas, Bjørnskov, Christian and Tanaka, Shiori (2020). "Migrants and Life Satisfaction: The Role of the Country of Origin and the Country of Residence". Kyklos, 73(3): 436-463. Link.

Berggren, Niclas and Gutmann, Jerg (2020). ”Securing Personal Freedom through Institutions: The Role of Electoral Democracy and Judicial Independence”. European Journal of Law and Economics49(2): 165-186Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2020). "Corruption, Judicial Accountability and Inequality: Unfair Procedures May Benefit the Worst-Off". Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 170(February): 341-354. Link.

Berggren, Niclas, Ljunge, Martin and Nilsson, Therese (2019). "Roots of Tolerance Among Second-Generation Immigrants". Journal of Institutional Economics, 15(6): 999-1016. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2019). "Do Voters Dislike Liberalizing Reforms? New Evidence Using Data on Satisfaction with Democracy". Journal of Institutional Economics, 15(4): 631-648. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2019). "Regulation and Government Debt". Public Choice, 178(1-2): 153-178. Link. Full text at ResearchGate. Pdf (not typeset).

Berggren, Niclas, Bjørnskov, Christian and Nilsson, Therese (2018). ”Do Equal Rights for a Minority Affect General Life Satisfaction?”. Journal of Happiness Studies, 19(5): 1465-1483. Link. Full text at ResearchGate. Pdf (not typeset).

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2017). ”The Market-Promoting and Market-Preserving Role of Social Trust in Reforms of Policies and Institutions”. Southern Economic Journal, 84(1): 3-25. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Bjørnskov, Christian and Nilsson, Therese (2017). ”What Aspects of Society Matter for the Quality of Life of a Minority? Global Evidence from the New Gay Happiness Index”. Social Indicators Research, 132(3): 1163-1192. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Jordahl, Henrik and Poutvaara, Panu (2017). ”The Right Look: Conservative Politicians Look Better and Voters Reward It”. Journal of Public Economics, 146(February): 79-86. Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas and Nilsson, Therese (2016). "Tolerance in the United States: Does Economic Freedom Transform Racial, Religious, Political and Sexual Attitudes?”. European Journal of Political Economy, 45(December): 53-70. Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas (2016). "Does Belief in Objective Morality Lead to Coercion? An Analysis of the Arguments of Kelsen and Buchanan”. Review of Austrian Economics, 29(3): 315-326. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Sven-Olov Daunfeldt and Jörgen Hellström (2016). "Does Social Trust Speed Up Reforms? The Case of Central-Bank Independence”. Journal of Institutional Economics, 12(2): 395-415Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Nilsson, Therese (2015). ”Globalization and the Transmission of Social Values: The Case of Tolerance”. Journal of Comparative Economics, 43(2): 371-389. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Bjørnskov, Christian and Lipka, David (2015). "Legitimacy and the Cost of Government." Public Choice, 162(3-4): 307-328. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Bergh, Andreas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2015). "What Matters for Growth in Europe? Institutions versus Policies, Quality versus Instability." Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 18(1): 69-88. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Nilsson, Therese (2014). "Market Institutions Bring Tolerance, Especially Where There Is Social Trust." Applied Economics Letters, 21(17): 1234-1237. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov and Hellström, Jörgen (2014). "Social Trust and Central-Bank Independence." European Journal of Political Economy, 34(June): 425-439. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas (2014). "The Calculus of Consent at Fifty: Insights for Liberalism." Independent Review, 18(3): 373-389. Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas (2014). ”Ekonomins grund i kultur och institutioner.” ["The Economy's Cultural and Institutional Roots."] Ekonomiska Samfundets Tidskrift, 67(1): 6–15. Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2013). "Does Religiosity Promote Property Rights and the Rule of Law?" Journal of Institutional Economics, 9(2): 161-185. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Nilsson, Therese (2013). "Does Economic Freedom Foster Tolerance?" Kyklos, 66(2): 177-207. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Elinder, Mikael (2012). "Tolerance and Growth: Modeling the Empirical Relationship", Public Choice, 153(3-4): 495-502. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas (2012). "The Calculus of Consent: Some Swedish Connections", Public Choice, 152(3-4): 313-321. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Elinder, Mikael (2012). "Is Tolerance Good or Bad for Growth?" Public Choice, 150(1–2): 283–308. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Bergh, Andreas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2012). "The Growth Effects of Institutional Instability", Journal of Institutional Economics, 8(2): 187-224. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas (2012). "Time for Behavioral Political Economy? An Analysis of Articles in Behavioral Economics", Review of Austrian Economics, 25(3): 199-221. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas and Bjørnskov, Christian (2011). "Is the Importance of Religion in Daily Life Related to Social Trust? Cross-Country and Cross-State Comparisons", Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 80(3): 459-480. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Jordahl, Henrik and Poutvaara, Panu (2010). "The Looks of a Winner: Beauty and Electoral Success." Journal of Public Economics, 94(1-2): 8-15. Link. Pdf.

Berggren, Niclas, Jordahl, Henrik  and Stern, Charlotta (2009). "The Political Opinions of Swedish Social Scientists." Finnish Economic Papers, 22(2): 75-88. Link (article; open access). Link (supplement; open access).

Poutvaara, Panu, Jordahl, Henrik and Berggren, Niclas (2009). "Faces of Politicians: Babyfacedness Predicts Inferred Competence but Not Electoral Success." Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(5): 1132-1135. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (2009). "Choosing One's Own Informal Institutions: On Hayek's Critique of Keynes's Immoralism." Constitutional Political Economy, 20(2): 139-159. Link.

Berggren, Niclas, Elinder, Mikael and Jordahl, Henrik (2008). "Trust and Growth: A Shaky Relationship." Empirical Economics, 35(2): 251-274. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (2006). "Legal Positivism and Property Rights: A Critique of Hayek and Peczenik." Constitutional Political Economy, 17(3): 217-235. Link.

Berggren, Niclas and Jordahl, Henrik (2006). "Free to Trust: Economic Freedom and Social Capital." Kyklos, 59(2): 141-169. Link.

Berggren, Niclas and Jordahl, Henrik (2005). "Does Free Trade Really Reduce Growth? Further Testing Using the Economic Freedom Index." Public Choice, 122(1-2): 99-114. Link.

Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter and Berggren, Niclas (2004). "Economic Consequences of Constitutions: A Theory and Survey." Journal des Économistes et des Études Humaines, 14(1): 3-42. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (2004). "Does Ethical Subjectivism Pose a Challenge to Classical Liberalism?" Reason Papers, 27(Fall): 69-86. Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas and Karlson, Nils (2003). "Constitutionalism, Division of Power, and Transaction Costs." Public Choice, 117(1-2): 99-124. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (2003). "The Benefits of Economic Freedom: A Survey." The Independent Review, 8(2): 193-211. Link (open access).

Berggren, Niclas (2000). "Implementing Generality while Reducing the Risk for Fiscal Explosion." Constitutional Political Economy, 11(4): 353-369. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (1999). "A Preference-Utilitarian Foundation for the Generality Principle." Constitutional Political Economy, 10(4): 339-353. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (1999). "Economic Freedom and Equality: Friends or Foes?" Public Choice, 100(3-4): 203-223. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (1997). "Rhetoric or Reality? An Economic Analysis of the Effects of Religion in Sweden." Journal of Socio-Economics, 26(6): 571-596. Link.

Berggren, Niclas (1996). "Social Order through Constitutional Choice: A Contractarian Proposal." Public Choice, 89(3-4): 339-361. Link.

Niclas Berggren


Ph : +46 8 665 4520


Niclas Berggren is a researcher at IFN and program director for the research program The Economics of Institutions and Culture. He got his PhD and the title of docent (Associate Professor) from the Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics; he also got the title of docent from Prague University of Economics and Business. He is affiliated with the Department of Economics at the Prague University of Economics and Business, where he teaches institutional economics.

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