Analysis of Industrial Structure – A Putty-clay Approach


The measurement of industrial structure and productivity growth has a long history in economics. Its usefulness has been limited, however, by the rather simple methods that have been applied.

This book introduces a putty-clay production function in the analysis of technical change. A coherent framework for studying industrial structure is developed.

The optimal production structure is conceptualized within a vintage framework. Frontier and short-run industry production functions are used to measure productivity and technical progress. The usefulness of the method is demonstrated in case studies of various industries.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order


This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

About the book


Seminars organized by IFN


To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

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