Emission Control costs in Swedish Industry


What is a rational environmental policy? Which value does a certain environmental quality have to society? Which are society's costs for obtaining or maintaining this quality? In lack of market values for environmental services, ambient standards for the quality of the environment have been introduced. When deciding upon these standards, a special problem is to determine which emissions can be allowed if a desired environmental quality is to be maintained.

In the late 1960's a more active environmental protection policy was initiated in Sweden. The Environment Protection Board was set up in 1968, and more stringent emission standards were enforced. Since 1969, the government has subsidized emission control investments in order to reduce the economic consequences to the firms of the raised requirements.

The present study sheds light on some of the environmental policy problems by analyzing the costs of reducing discharges of industrial residuals. The study covers the first four years, 1969-1973, of the Swedish subsidy program. It is limited to the two industries which have received the largest subsidies, i.e. the iron & steel industry and the pulp & paper industry.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book


Seminars organized by IFN


To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se