Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Author(s): Lars Calmfors and Nora Sánchez GassenCo authors: Pernilla Andersson Joona, Bernt Bratsberg, Anders Böhlmark, Simon Ek, Vibeke Jakobsen, Jacob Nielsen Arendt, Tuomas Pekkarinen. Oddbjørn Raaum, Knut Røed, Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen, Per Skedinger and Torben Tranæs
Year: 2019Pages: 207Publisher: Nordic Council of MinistersCity: Copenhagen, Denmark
ISBN: 978-92-893-6199-6

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets Lars Calmfors and Nora Sánchez Gassen

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

Education policy, active labour market policy, social benefit policy and wage policy are analysed. A key conclusion is that no single policy is likely to suffice. Instead, various policies have to be combined. The exact policy mix must depend on evaluations of the trade-offs with other policy objectives.


Calmfors, Lars and Nora Sánchez Gassen, eds. (2019). Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers.

Lars Calmfors


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Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book


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