The Economic Life of Sweden


Through the bounty of natural wealth, forests and ores, rivers and waterfalls, the people of Sweden have attained a standard of living higher than in most other countries. The resources are indispensable, but the modern productive economy based on them was achieved only by hard and unrelenting labor and in battle with a severe climate. It is impossible to explain the standing of the steel and wood products industries, for example, without some knowledge of the indisputable technical and organizational talents of the people. Experience has demonstrated that it is difficult for a country without, domestic coal deposits to establish iron and steel industries. Sweden is perhaps the only country in the world which has been able to maintain them without a foundation of domestic coal, and this is due in large degree to the high quality of the product based on domestic inventions and an able labor force. The skill of entrepreneurs and engineers has also played a decisive role in the growth of the wood products industries. Valuable aid has come from abroad in various forms. It is worth noting, to take one example, that the country was able to enlist a small number of Walloon smiths during the seventeenth century. They provided an addition of professional skill and new working methods which placed an enduring stamp on Swedish iron making.


Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State


This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

About the book


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