2011

Ethnic Identity and Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe

Reprint No. 2011:6

Author(s): Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves ZenouYear: 2011 Title: Economic Policy Volume (No.): 26 (65) Pages: 57–92
Online article (restrictions may apply)


We study the relationship between ethnic identity and labour market outcomes of non-EU immigrants in Europe. Using the European Social Survey, we find that there is a penalty to be paid for immigrants with a strong identity. Being a first generation immigrant leads to a penalty of about 17% while secondgeneration immigrants have a probability of being employed that is not statistically different from that of natives. However, when they have a strong identity, second-generation immigrants have a lower chance of finding a job than natives. Our analysis also reveals that the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects may depend on the type of integration and labour market policies implemented in the country where the immigrant lives. More flexible labour markets help immigrants to access the labour market but do not protect those who have a strong ethnic identity.


Reference:
Bisin, Alberto, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou (2011), "Ethnic Identity and Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe". Economic Policy 26(65), 57–92.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union and the Return of the Nation State

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This book explores the complex and ever-changing relationship between the European Union and its member states. The recent surge in tension in this relationship has been prompted by the actions of some member state governments as they question fundamental EU values and principles and refuse to implement common decisions seemingly on the basis of narrowly defined national interests.

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