2011

Ethnic Identity and Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe

Reprint No. 2011:6

Author(s): Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves ZenouYear: 2011 Title: Economic Policy Volume (No.): 26 (65) Pages: 57–92
Online article (restrictions may apply)


We study the relationship between ethnic identity and labour market outcomes of non-EU immigrants in Europe. Using the European Social Survey, we find that there is a penalty to be paid for immigrants with a strong identity. Being a first generation immigrant leads to a penalty of about 17% while secondgeneration immigrants have a probability of being employed that is not statistically different from that of natives. However, when they have a strong identity, second-generation immigrants have a lower chance of finding a job than natives. Our analysis also reveals that the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects may depend on the type of integration and labour market policies implemented in the country where the immigrant lives. More flexible labour markets help immigrants to access the labour market but do not protect those who have a strong ethnic identity.


Reference:
Bisin, Alberto, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou (2011), "Ethnic Identity and Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe". Economic Policy 26(65), 57–92.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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