Completing the European Union Customs Union: The Effects of Trade Procedure Harmonization

Reprint No. 2012:20

Author(s): Yves Bourdet and Maria PerssonYear: 2012 Title: JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies Volume (No.): 50 (2) Pages: 300–314
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version

In this article, it is pointed out that the European Union does not have a harmonized practice when it comes to trade procedures, implying that countries in the rest of the world face different trade barriers depending on which EU country they ship their goods to. Estimating the impact of trade procedures on exports from non-EU countries, a highly statistically significant and negative effect is found. Simulating what the effects would be of harmonizing trade procedures to the level of the most efficient EU countries, it is found that aggregated exports to the EU would increase by 20 per cent for the average exporter.

Bourdet, Yves and Maria Persson (2012), "Completing the European Union Customs Union: The Effects of Trade Procedure Harmonization". JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 50(2), 300–314.

Maria Persson


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Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

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