2012

Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats

Reprint No. 2012:45

Author(s): Carl Magnus Bjuggren, Dan Johansson and Mikael StenkulaYear: 2012 Title: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Volume (No.): 77 (3) Pages: 290–303
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version


Self-employment is the most frequently used measure of entrepreneurship. However, its definition varies between countries, which makes comparisons difficult. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data and show that even within one country, the depicted development differs greatly depending on the source used. Unlike previous claims in cross-country studies, we find that there is no basis for categorising Sweden as having increased its self-employment rate more than others. This demonstrates a need to carefully specify the characteristics of the data, and their advantages and disadvantages, before drawing conclusions about the frequency of entrepreneurship in different countries.
 


Reference:
Bjuggren, Carl Magnus, Dan Johansson and Mikael Stenkula (2012), "Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats". International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 77(3), 290–303.

Mikael Stenkula

Contact

Ph: +46 8 665 4530
Mob: +46 73 844 18 78
mikael.stenkula@ifn.se

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

Events

Seminars organized by IFN

 

To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se