2012

Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats

Reprint No. 2012:45

Author(s): Carl Magnus Bjuggren, Dan Johansson and Mikael StenkulaYear: 2012 Title: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Volume (No.): 77 (3) Pages: 290–303
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version


Self-employment is the most frequently used measure of entrepreneurship. However, its definition varies between countries, which makes comparisons difficult. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data and show that even within one country, the depicted development differs greatly depending on the source used. Unlike previous claims in cross-country studies, we find that there is no basis for categorising Sweden as having increased its self-employment rate more than others. This demonstrates a need to carefully specify the characteristics of the data, and their advantages and disadvantages, before drawing conclusions about the frequency of entrepreneurship in different countries.
 


Reference:
Bjuggren, Carl Magnus, Dan Johansson and Mikael Stenkula (2012), "Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats". International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 77(3), 290–303.

Mikael Stenkula

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mikael.stenkula@ifn.se

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Martin Ljunge, IFN, is the author of a chapter, "Trust promotes health: addressing reverse causality by studying children of immigrants", in a new book edited by Sherman Folland and Eric Nauenberg. The cutting edge of research is presented, covering the ever-expanding social capital field.

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