2017

Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity?

Reprint No. 2017:19

Author(s): Makan Amini, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik StrömstenYear: 2017 Title: Management Science Volume (No.): 63 (4) Pages: 1085–1096
Online article (restrictions may apply)

Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity? Makan Amini, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik Strömsten


Failure to express minority views may distort the behavior of company boards, committees, juries, and other decision-making bodies. Devising a new experimental procedure to measure such conformity in a judgment task, we compare the degree of conformity in groups with varying gender composition. Overall, our experiments offer little evidence that gender composition affects expression of minority views. A robust finding is that a subject’s lack of ability predicts both a true propensity to accept others’ judgment (informational social influence) and a propensity to agree despite private doubt (normative social influence). Thus, as an antidote to conformity in our experiments, high individual ability seems more effective than group diversity.


Reference:
Amini, Makan, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik Strömsten (2017), "Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity?". Management Science 63(4), 1085–1096.

Mathias Ekström

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mathias.ekstrom@ifn.se

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Martin Ljunge, IFN, is the author of a chapter, "Trust promotes health: addressing reverse causality by studying children of immigrants", in a new book edited by Sherman Folland and Eric Nauenberg. The cutting edge of research is presented, covering the ever-expanding social capital field.

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