2017

Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity?

Reprint No. 2017:19

Author(s): Makan Amini, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik StrömstenYear: 2017 Title: Management Science Volume (No.): 63 (4) Pages: 1085–1096
Online article (restrictions may apply)

Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity? Makan Amini, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik Strömsten


Failure to express minority views may distort the behavior of company boards, committees, juries, and other decision-making bodies. Devising a new experimental procedure to measure such conformity in a judgment task, we compare the degree of conformity in groups with varying gender composition. Overall, our experiments offer little evidence that gender composition affects expression of minority views. A robust finding is that a subject’s lack of ability predicts both a true propensity to accept others’ judgment (informational social influence) and a propensity to agree despite private doubt (normative social influence). Thus, as an antidote to conformity in our experiments, high individual ability seems more effective than group diversity.


Reference:
Amini, Makan, Mathias Ekström, Tore Ellingsen, Magnus Johannesson and Fredrik Strömsten (2017), "Does Gender Diversity Promote Nonconformity?". Management Science 63(4), 1085–1096.

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

About the book

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