2017

Five Scenarios in Search for a Director. WTO Judges, Their Terms of References, Scope of Competence, Remedies they Proscribe, and the Consequences for the Addressees

Reprint No. 2017:44

Author(s): Louise Johannesson and Petros C. MavroidisYear: 2017 Title: WTO Dispute Settlement: Time to Take Stock Chapter: 6Editor(s): Jacques H. J. Bourgeois, Marco Bronckers and Reinhard QuickPublisher: P.I.E. Peter LangCity: Brussels: Belgium Pages: 121–143
Online article (restrictions may apply)


The WTO has been lauded for its unique dispute settlement system. Its uniqueness lies primarily in that it is the most comprehensive “compulsory third party” adjudication regime in international relations. No other regime of this breadth exists in state to state relations. Without assigning a cause to effect relationship, we point to factors that might be further researched in order to show to what extent they constitute prerequisites for emulating compulsory third party adjudication. Pragmatic judgments constitute a factor to be reckoned with. WTO judges are typically “Geneva crowd”, and they feel comfortable with judgments that do not prejudge too much national sovereignty. The institution is further happy to talk compliance up, using proxies rather than accurate information to this effect.


Reference:
Johannesson, Louise and Petros C. Mavroidis (2017), "Five Scenarios in Search for a Director. WTO Judges, Their Terms of References, Scope of Competence, Remedies they Proscribe, and the Consequences for the Addressees". Chapter 6, pp. 121–143 in Jacques H. J. Bourgeois, Marco Bronckers and Reinhard Quick, eds., WTO Dispute Settlement: Time to Take Stock. Brussels: Belgium: P.I.E. Peter Lang.

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

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Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

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To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

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