2018

Entry Regulations, Welfare and Determinants of Market Structure

Reprint No. 2018:30

Author(s): Florin Maican and Matilda OrthYear: 2018 Title: International Economic Review Volume (No.): 59 (2) Pages: 727–756
Online article (restrictions may apply)
Preliminary version


Welfare effects of entry regulations are theoretically ambiguous in differentiated product markets. We use a dynamic oligopoly model of entry and exit with store‐type differentiation and static price setting to evaluate how entry regulations affect long‐run profitability, market structure, and welfare. Based on unique data for all retail food stores in Sweden, we estimate demand, recover variable profits, and estimate entry costs and fixed costs by store type. Counterfactual policy experiments show that welfare increases when competition is enhanced by lower entry costs. Protecting small stores by imposing licensing fees on large stores is not welfare enhancing.


Reference:
Maican, Florin and Matilda Orth (2018), "Entry Regulations, Welfare and Determinants of Market Structure". International Economic Review 59(2), 727–756.

Matilda Orth

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Florin Maican

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florin.maican@ifn.se

Interdisciplinary European Studies

The European Union in a Changing World Order

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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