Published articles in English 2019

A copy for personal use of the following reprints are available on paper and/or as PDF files (if permitted by the applicable copyright agreement). They can be ordered by sending an e-mail to info@ifn.se. Please include postal address in the request.


Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

Wage Policies and the Integration of Immigrants

Simon Ek and Per Skedinger

Most Nordic countries struggle with the integration of low-skilled immigrants. Relying on research from primarily the Nordics, we discuss to what extent minimum wage reductions can improve labour market prospects for immigrants, whether unskilled and low-pay jobs…


Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets: Background, Summary and Policy Conclusions

Lars Calmfors and Nora Sánchez Gassen

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. This volume investigates how labour market integration of these groups can be promoted…


European Journal of Public Health

Debt and Mental Health – New Insights about the Relationship and the Importance of the Measure for Mental Health

Margareta Dackehag, Lina-Maria Ellegård, Ulf Gerdtham and Therese Nilsson

Background: Empirical research suggests that household debt and payment difficulties are detrimental to mental health. Despite well-known measurement problems that may contaminate analyses using subjective self-reported health measures, our knowledge is very limited…


Journal of Business Venturing

Well-being Effects of Self-employment: A Spatial Inquiry

Maria Abreu, Özge Öner, Aleid Brouwer and Eveline van Leeuwen

Our paper presents an empirical analysis of entrepreneurial well-being using a large-scale longitudinal household survey from the UK that tracks almost 50,000 individuals across seven waves over the period 2009–2017, as well as a number of exploratory case…


Journal of Agricultural Economics

The Local Impacts of Agricultural Subsidies: Evidence from the Canadian Prairies

Ray D. Bollman and Shon Ferguson

We estimate the impact of removing an export subsidy on the local economies of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, exploiting the large regional variation of a 1995 reform. We find that the loss of the subsidy resulted in significantly lower farm value‐added, farm…


Research Policy

Has the Swedish Business Sector Become More Entrepreneurial than the U.S. Business Sector?

Fredrik Heyman, Pehr-Johan Norbäck, Lars Persson and Fredrik Andersson

Recent studies document a 30-year decline in various measures of entrepreneurship in the U.S. Using detailed Swedish employer-employee data over the period from 1990 to 2013, we find young firms to be more prominent in the Swedish business sector than in the U.S.…


International Tax and Public Finance

Trends and Gradients in Top Tax Elasticities: Cross-country Evidence, 1900–2014

Enrico Rubolino and Daniel Waldenström

We construct a cross-country dataset spanning 1900–2014 to estimate the tax elasticity of top incomes. Our results show that top tax elasticities vary tremendously over time; they were medium to low before 1950, dropped to almost zero during the postwar era and…


Journal of Business & Economic Statistics

Homothetic Efficiency: Theory and Applications

Jan Heufer and Per Hjertstrand

We provide a nonparametric revealed preference approach to demand analysis based on homothetic efficiency. Homotheticity is widely assumed (often implicitly) because it is a convenient and often useful restriction. However, this assumption is rarely tested, and data…


Business Horizons

Blockchain Adoption: A Value Driver Perspective

Jannis Angelis and Elias Ribeiro da Silva

The ongoing discussion regarding blockchain technologies is focused primarily on cryptocurrencies, but blockchain features and functionalities have developed beyond financial instruments. As the technologies provide new functionalities, the associated value…


American Economic Review

Payroll Taxes, Firm Behavior, and Rent Sharing: Evidence from a Young Workers' Tax Cut in Sweden

Emmanuel Saez, Benjamin Schoefer and David Seim

This paper uses administrative data to analyze a large employer-borne payroll tax rate cut for young workers in Sweden. We find no effect on net-of-tax wages of young treated workers relative to slightly older untreated workers, and a 2–3 percentage point…


Research Policy

The Economic Microgeography of Diversity and Specialization Externalities – Firm-Level Evidence from Swedish Cities

Martin Andersson, Johan P Larsson and Joakim Wernberg

We employ finely geo-coded firm-level panel data to assess the long-standing question whether agglomeration economies derive from specialization (within-industry), diversity (between-industry) or overall density. Rather than treating the city as a single unit, we…


American Journal of Political Science

Do Social Rights Affect Social Outcomes?

Christian Bjørnskov and Jacob Mchangama

While the United Nations and NGOs are pushing for global judicialization of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCRs), little is known of their consequences. We provide evidence of the effects of introducing three types of ESCRs into the constitution: the rights…


Scottish Journal of Political Economy

The Geography and Concentration of Authorship in the Top Five: Implications for European Economics

Simon Ek and Magnus Henrekson

We study to what degree authors who publish in the five most prestigious journals in economics have previously published there and in which world region they are based. Although still high, the concentration of United States‐based and previously published top‐five…


Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization

Homothetic Preferences Revealed

Jan Heufer and Per Hjertstrand

We introduce a method to recover homothetic preferences from choice data with minor optimization or measurement errors. Our method allows for a more detailed graphical analysis to reveal subjects’ preferences and to choose appropriate functional forms for…


North American Journal of Economics and Finance

Stock Market Impact of Cross-Border Acquisitions in Emerging Markets

Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Lars Persson

Entry by multinational enterprises (MNEs) into emerging markets has increased substantially over the last decades. Many of these MNE entries have taken place in concentrated markets. To capture these features, we construct a strategic interaction model of MNE…


Energy Strategy Reviews

Production Efficiency of Nodal and Zonal Pricing in Imperfectly Competitive Electricity Markets

Mahir Sarfati, Mohammad Reza Hesamzadeh and Pär Holmberg

Electricity markets employ different congestion management methods to handle the limited transmission capacity of the power system. This paper compares production efficiency and other aspects of nodal and zonal pricing. We consider two types of zonal pricing: zonal…


Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education: Lessons from Sweden

Trust-Based Evaluation in a Market-Oriented School System

Jonas Vlachos

In Sweden, a trust-based evaluation system meets a market-oriented school system which allows liberal entry conditions to voucher-funded private providers, several of which are for-profit corporations. The purpose of this chapter is to analyze how different providers…


Economica

Foreign Direct Investment, Source Country Heterogeneity and Management Practices

Fredrik Heyman, Pehr-Johan Norbäck and Rickard Hammarberg

This paper examines whether and, if so, why source country heterogeneity exists in foreign direct investment. Using detailed Swedish matched employer‐employee data for the period from 1996 to 2009, we find statistical evidence that affiliate performance differs…


Rethinking Law

Al and Future Skills in the Labour Market

Mårten Blix

The past provides some guidance on how to handle the effects of technological change on society and the labour market. The question is how much. During the Industrial Revolution, some skilled workers lost their jobs as factories were built and machines gradually came…


Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

Why is Carbon Leakage for Energy-Intensive Industry Hard to Find?

Shon Ferguson and Mark Sanctuary

A number of researchers have found that imports by pollution heavy industries do not increase in response to tighter pollution policy. We empirically evaluate the impact of an sudden and unexpected increase in Swedish electricity prices in the 2000s on the imports of…


Public Choice

Regulation and Government Debt

Niclas Berggren and Christian Bjørnskov

Government debt is large in most developed countries, and while budget deficits may reflect short-term attempts to kick-start the economy in times of crisis by means of fiscal stimulus, the longer-term consequences may be detrimental to investment and growth. Those…


International Business Review

Strangers on the Board: The Impact of Board Internationalization on Earnings Management of Nordic Firms

Reggy Hooghiemstra, Niels Hermes, Lars Oxelheim and Trond Randøy

The internationalization of firms has led to boards becoming more international as well. In this study, we investigate the consequences of board internationalization. In particular, by drawing on research on language and board dynamics, we identify theory-based…


International Business Review

Optimal vs Satisfactory Transparency: The Impact of Global Macroeconomic Fluctuations on Corporate Competitiveness

Lars Oxelheim

Being able to separate temporary global macroeconomic influences – caused by fluctuations in exchange rates, interest rates and inflation – from intrinsic performance – related to a superior product, production process or management – is…


Scandinavian Journal of Economics

Sizing Up the Impact of Embassies on Exports

Shon Ferguson and Rikard Forslid

The purpose of this study is to test for the effects of trade promotion via the foreign service. The theory of trade with heterogeneous firms predicts that unilateral trade promotion allows medium- sized firms to export. We investigate the effects of trade promotion…

Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets

An Overall Perspective

Pages-from-2019-Calmfors-Gassen---Integrating-Immigrants-into-the-Nordic-Labour-Markets.gif

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden face similar problems of integrating large groups of immigrants, especially low-educated ones from outside the EU, into their labour markets. In this volume, edited by Lars Calmfors, IFN, and Nora Sánchez Gassen in cooperation with researchers from across the Nordic Region analyse how labour market integration of immigrants can be promoted. 

About the book

Events

Seminars organized by IFN

 

To present ongoing research informal brown-bag seminars are held on Mondays at 11:30 am. This is an opportunity for IFN researchers to test ideas and results.

Academically oriented seminars are most of the time held on Wednesdays at 10 am. At these events researchers from IFN and other institutions present their research.

In addition, IFN organizes seminars open to the public. Topics for these are derived from the IFN research.

Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34 - 2 fl, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden | Phone: +46-(0)8-665 45 00 | info@ifn.se