2019

Exit, Voice and Political Change: Evidence from Swedish Mass Migration to the United States

Reprint No. 2019:31

Author(s): Mounir Karadja and Erik PrawitzYear: 2019 Title: Journal of Political Economy Volume (No.): 127 (4) Pages: 1864–1925
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Preliminary version


We study the political effects of mass emigration to the United States in the nineteenth century using data from Sweden. To instrument for total emigration over several decades, we exploit severe local frost shocks that sparked an initial wave of emigration, interacted with within-country travel costs. Our estimates show that emigration substantially increased the local demand for political change, as measured by labor movement membership, strike participation, and voting. Emigration also led to de facto political change, increasing welfare expenditures as well as the likelihood of adopting more inclusive political institutions.


Reference:
Karadja, Mounir and Erik Prawitz (2019), "Exit, Voice and Political Change: Evidence from Swedish Mass Migration to the United States". Journal of Political Economy 127(4), 1864–1925.

Erik Prawitz

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Interdisciplinary European Studies

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This book explores how the European Union responds to the ongoing challenges to the liberal international order. These challenges arise both within the EU itself and beyond its borders, and put into question the values of free trade and liberal democracy. 

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