Economic Aspects of International Investment Agreements

Reprint No. 2019:67

Author(s): Henrik Horn and Pehr-Johan NorbäckYear: 2019 Title: American Review of International Arbitration Volume (No.): 30 (1) Pages: 11–34
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Preliminary version

International investment agreements (“IIAs”) are State-to-State treaties that aim to promote investment, especially foreign direct investment (“FDI”), by protecting foreign investors against host-country policy measures. The first IIAs appeared in the late 1950s, but most of the currently almost 2,700 IIAs in force were formed after the mid-1990s. The vast majority of the agreements are bilateral, but it has become increasingly common for preferential trade agreements to encompass such protections.

Horn, Henrik and Pehr-Johan Norbäck (2019), "Economic Aspects of International Investment Agreements". American Review of International Arbitration 30(1), 11–34.

Henrik Horn


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Pehr-Johan Norbäck


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